Pondicherry Journal of Nursing
Volume 13 | Issue 1 | Year 2020

CarboTech Protectable Adaptive Equipment

Ramaprabhu Zanaguiram

Department of Nursing, Kasturba Gandhi Nursing College, Puducherry, India

Corresponding Author: Ramaprabhu Zanaguiram, Department of Nursing, Kasturba Gandhi Nursing College, Puducherry, India, Phone: +91 6379814943, e-mail:

How to cite this article Zanaguiram R. CarboTech Protectable Adaptive Equipment. Pon J Nurs 2020;13(1):11–12.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


The present invention discloses a CarboTech protectable adaptive equipment to prevent head injury caused due to fall among subjects with neurodegenerative disorders and also elderly individuals and cerebral palsy children with fall risk. The equipment of the present invention comprises a collar with center front closure and on/off button housed with an airbag and a control igniter valve with inflate chamber of either compressed gas (CO2/atm gases) cartridge or mini endothermic gas reaction to produce gas instantaneously (NaN2), sensors, battery, mini microprocessor board, gas exhaust control valves, piezoelectric alert buzzer, and global system for mobile (GSM)-enabled global positioning system (GPS) tracker.

Keywords: Adaptive equipment, Carbotech, Cerebral palsy, Elderly, Fall risk, Self-care management.


CarboTech protectable adaptive equipment for supporting a person’s head at various angular positions when they are about to fall. The carbotech is a collar that could be worn around the neck while walking or traveling. The airbag is shaped like a hood, surrounding and protecting the client’s head. The trigger mechanism is controlled by sensors which pick up the abnormal movements of a client when he or she is about to fall.



Hovding is an airbag for a cyclist that is worn around the neck like a collar. In the event of an accident, the airbag inflates and forms around the head and neck like a protective hood. In the event of an accident, the airbag inflates in 0.1 second.


The present invention is CarboTech protectable adaptive equipment for falls among elderly clients and peoples with improper gait. The device has an inflatable airbag which is made up of synthetic rexine bag which is attached and folded with collar that is invisible. The collar is worn around the neck. When power is on, it monitors the client movement. When they tend to fall, the four-way mercury sensors get activated based on the position they fall, and the ultrasonic buzzer produces a sharp sound which gives a notification that they are in trouble. At the same time, the GSM network sends an encoded message to the caretaker. Whereas the GPS tracks the location of the client and it provides the information of the latitude and longitude of the location.



The airbag inflates and surrounds the head in case of falls. The illustration shows the airbag coverage area around the head. The way the hood is designed and folded into the collar ensures that it will inflate quickly and safely. It protects nearly all of the head while leaving the field of vision open. The airbag provides soft and effective absorption and maintains constant pressure for several seconds, enabling to withstand several impacts to the head in case of fall. After that the airbag slowly starts to deflate.

Control Knob

The tire valve adaptor that inflates the airbag is placed in a holder in the collar. The tire valve adaptor uses carbon dioxide gas.


The airbag is deployed by sensors i.e., four-way mercury sensors that pick up a client’s abnormal movements in the event of a fall. The sensors then send a signal to the control knob of tire valve adaptor to inflate the airbag. When the carbotech is switched on, the sensors are constantly monitoring the wearer’s movement.


The collar with the shell is a visible part of the carbotech, which encloses the whole airbag system? All the components are located inside the collar for optimum ergonomics and performance. The instant it is triggered, the pressure from the airbag splits open the ziplock, and the hood inflates around head.

Fig. 1: Carbon dioxide cylinder with cycle tyre inflator kit and pouch. Four-way mercury sensors

Center Front Zip

To wear the CarboTech protectable adaptive equipment around the neck and pull the zip at the front up under the chin. Zip needs to be completely closed for carbotech to work correctly. Carbotech on/off button is on the zip tag (Fig. 1).

ON/OFF Button

Carbotech is switched on and off using the zip at the front of the collar. There is an on/off switch on the zip tag.




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