REVIEW ARTICLE


https://doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12150
Pondicherry Journal of Nursing
Volume 14 | Issue 1 | Year 2021

Contraceptive Jewellery—A Novel Birth Control


Jayasri Jayamoorthy

Department of Mental Health Nursing, Kasturba Gandhi Nursing College, Puducherry, India

Corresponding Author: Jayasri Jayamoorthy, Department of Mental Health Nursing, Kasturba Gandhi Nursing College, Puducherry, India, Phone: +91 9597789154, e-mail: jayasridaya@gmail.com

How to cite this article Jayamoorthy J. Contraceptive Jewellery—A Novel Birth Control. Pon J Nurs 2021;14(1):15–16.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

ABSTRACT

Jewellery made women elegant, confident, and a part of daily life. The novel birth control technique can help comply with the drug regimen. The contraceptive jewellery aids women to adhere more with the use of contraceptives and enhance the accomplishment of contraception. Contraceptive hormones and other drugs were administered through a special backing on jewellery such as earrings, rings, necklaces, or wristwatches that provides a new path for birth control. It improves compliance with the drug regimens with regular dosages and aids universal earring back that can be paired with many different earrings. It works only with the skin-permeable drugs that require the administration of small quantities to fit into the patches and used for a week. It was excellent future innovative birth control measure, prompts compliance with drug regimen, and increases the rate of contraception.

Keywords: Birth control, Contraceptive jewellery, Drugs, Earring, Transdermal patch, Wrist watches..

INTRODUCTION

Jewellery made women elegant, confident, and a part of daily life. The novel birth control technique can help comply with the drug regimen. The unintended birth was approximately 40% worldwide which needs additional contraceptive options to enable better family planning services.13 The contraceptive jewellery aids women to adhere more with the use of contraceptives and enhances the accomplishment of contraception by using the transdermal patch technology to administer the drugs.1,4,5 Researchers from Georgia Institute of Technology executed pharmaceutical jewellery as a novel method for delivering contraceptive hormones, and other drugs were administered through a special backing on jewellery such as earrings, rings, necklaces, or wristwatches that provides a new path for birth control, according to the findings presented in the Journal of Controlled Release.1,6,7

Mechanism of Delivery

The contraceptive hormones contained in patches were applied to the portion of the jewellery. It consists of three layers. The inner impermeable adhesive layer sticks to the jewellery (e.g., adhesive to hold in back of the earrings, bottom of the wristwatch, or inside the surface of a necklace or ring).1,2,810

The middle layer contains the contraceptive drug in the solid form. The outer semipermeable layer is a skin adhesive to stick into the skin in which the drugs were absorbed by skin contact, allow the drugs to be absorbed into the bloodstream, and circulate through the body. The dose delivered by a patch is usually relative to the area of skin contact.1,2,11,12

  • The testing suggested that the patches provide necessary amounts of hormone in the bloodstream even the jewel was removed.13,14

Advantage

  • Improve compliance with the drug regimens with regular dosages
  • Universal earring back can be paired with many different earrings
  • It can be used for delivering the other drugs through the skin
  • To prevent unintended pregnancies
  • Rapid drug transfer, viz. close contact with the skin
  • It was more convenient and attractive to use
  • Allow more discreet use of drug delivery technology.1,2,15

Disadvantage

  • Limited access to long-acting contraceptives such as injectables, implants, and IUDs.
  • It works only with skin-permeable drugs that require the administration of small quantities to fit into the patches.1,2,16

Duration: Change Once in a Week

Contraceptive Jewellery

Figure 1 shows the contraceptive jewellery, like a pharmaceutical watch, ring, choker necklace, and earring. A white contraceptive patch material is applied to a part of the jewellery to contact with the skin3,4,17

Fig. 1: Contraceptive jewellery

Figs 2A and B: (A) Earring with a transdermal patch; (B) Vertical earring on a woman’s ear

Earrings with Transdermal Patch

Figure 2A shows the earring with a transdermal patch backing. The white ring is the patch containing the contraceptive hormone, and Figure 2B shows the vertical earring on a woman’s ear.3

Research under Trial

The contraceptive jewellery provides sufficient amounts of hormone to provide contraception in the initial testing. It was tested in rats and pigs but not yet in human.13,16,18

The pharmaceutical jewellery as transdermal patches made of microfibers that contain levonorgestrel as the contraceptive hormone was applied to pigs’ ears and skin of hairless rats for 16 hours at a time, removed after eight hours to simulate, and finally removed during the sleep.13,7,15

To find out the feasibility of this method, the researchers are paying more attention to the patches used on the back of the earrings. These patches were tested in two methods. In the first, the researchers applied the patch to pig skin and found that the levonorgestrel transferred by the patch ranged between 20 μg and 40 μg per day. It was compared positively with the accepted rate in human contraception.13,19

To verify the long-term conversion, the researchers tested the earring patches. Patches with 0.7 cm2 were applied on hairless 10 rats. During one week of examination, the levonorgestrel levels are quite stable and reached as high as 1,550 pg/mL, outpacing 200 pg/mL recommended for human contraception. After one week, the patches had transferred approximately 176 μg of levonorgestrel.13,14,20

CONCLUSION

It can be used in the future as an innovative birth control measure, promotes effective compliance with drug regimen, and increases the rate of contraception.

REFERENCES

1. Mofidfar. M. Pharmaceutical jewelry: Earring patch for transdermal delivery of contraceptive hormone. J Control Rele 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2019.03.011.

2. Aouf RS, Contraceptive jewellery offers alternative method of birth control, 29 April 2019.

3. Toon J, Contraceptive Jewelry Could Offer a New Family Planning Approach, March 26, 2019.

4. Barr S. Contraceptive jewellery could be the next method of birth control. 2019;11:29.

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6. Health New, “Want Another Option for Birth Control? How About Contraceptive Jewelry”. https://www.healthline.com/health-news/would-you-wear-contraceptive-jewelry.

7. PTI. “Contraceptive jewellery’ could prove an attractive birth control option for women”, Washington March 28, 2019 11:52 IST, https://www.theweek.in/news/health/2019/03/28/Contraceptive-jewellery-could-prove-an attractive-birth-control-option-for-women.html.

8. NDTV Offbeat Desk “Contraceptive Jewellery To Prevent Pregnancies?” April 29, 2019;02:27 pm IST.

9. Jeweller Magazine. “Contraceptive jewellery in the works”, May 13, 2019, https://www.jewellermagazine.com/Article/8258/Contraceptive-jewellery-in-the-works.

10. Genevieve Scarano These ‘Contraceptive Earrings’ Could Be Used To Prevent Pregnancy, 03.26.2019:: 6:02 pm Edt.

11. Madeline Farber |,“Contraceptive Jewelry? Georgia Researchers Create Pregnancy-Preventing Accessories” Fox News Women’s Health, March 28, 2019.

12. Hamilton K, Contraceptive Jewelry Could Provide A Sleek And Discreet New Form Of Birth Control, 27 March 2019.

13. Bowden E, Contraceptive jewelry could stave off unwanted pregnancies, March 27, 2019 | 3:38 pm.

14. Health and Wellbeing, “Researchers Deliver Birth Control Via Contraceptive Jewellery”, 9 May 2019.

15. Brown. B, Contraceptive Jewelry Administers Hormones via Backings, April 29, 2019. https://healthtechinsider.com/2019/04/29/contraceptive-jewelry-administers-hormones-via-backings/.

16. Gupta A, Looking for a birth control method? Contraceptive jewellery can help you plan your family better, May 01, 2019 | 11:43 IST | imesnownews.com/health/article/looking-for-a-birth-control-method-contraceptive-jewellery-can-help-you-plan-your-family-better/410503.

17. Medgadget, Contraceptive Jewelry From Georgia Tech, March 27th, 2019.

18. Medha “Contraceptive Jewelry Is The Future Of Birth Control” 28 March 2019 https://speciality.medicaldialogues.in/contraceptive-jewelry-is-the-future-of-birth-controlfinds-new-study.

19. Johnson K, “Contraceptive Jewellery, The Science Behind Burn-Outs And Other News”, Euronews.Com/Living/2019/06/07/ https://www.euronews.com/living/2019/06/07/contraceptive-jewellery-the-science-behind-burn-outs-and-other-news.

20. Helena Schwar/dpa, “Contraceptive jewellery: A stylish way to prevent unwanted pregnancy”, dpa international, Apr 9, 2019.

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