April – June 2023 WHO Theme: Health for All
Corresponding Author: Nihar Ranjan Biswas, Vice Chancellor, Sri Balaji Vidayapeeth (Deemed to be University), Pillaiyarkuppam, Puducherry, India, Phone: +91 4132616766, e-mail: email@example.com
How to cite this article: Biswas NR. April – June 2023 WHO Theme: Health for All. Pon J Nurs 2023;16(2):23–24.
Source of support: Nil
Conflict of interest: Dr Nihar ranjan Biswas are associated as the Editorial board members of this journal and this manuscript was subjected to this journal’s standard review procedures, with this peer review handled independently of these Editorial board members and their research group.
Received on: 25 May 2023; Accepted on: 20 June 2023; Published on: 28 June 2023
Keywords: Noncommunicable diseases, Primary healthcare, Public health.
Universal health coverage depicts the favored goal that people globally obtain health services in a manner without having to risk financial hardship as well as providing equal opportunities to raise their voices and make visible the situation of individuals, families, and communities that still lack access and coverage to essential, comprehensive and quality health services, based on primary healthcare.1
HEALTH AND THE GLOBAL CONCERN
The pandemic revealed the interdependence between the economic performance of countries and the protection of the health of populations, thereby confirming that there is no sustainable economic growth without protecting and promoting health and well-being and vice versa.2 The social and economic crisis characterized by the increase in unemployment, impoverishment, and the exacerbation of long-standing inequities drives home the need for the articulation of the contributions of different sectors of activity and government for recovery and transformation of the health systems of the Region towards fostering Universal Health, and more importantly towards more equitable and resilient societies.3
Social justice indicates the absence of avoidable, unfair, and remediable to groups of people with their social, economic, and demographic status.4 Health equity emphasizes the health status and outcomes among groups at biological, social, and economic levels that create and recreate differences in access to health.5
ESSENTIAL PUBLIC HEALTH FUNCTIONS
Public health in the region confronts new challenges such as the reemergence of infectious diseases and changes in political, social, and economic aspects that determine the health and health equity of the population. These challenges are related to weaknesses in health systems, health challenges, and health authorities at all institutional levels and together with civil society level. The health policy cycle plays a pivotal role in assessing the health status of the communities in the light of health-poor status, allocating the necessary resources, and guaranteeing access to all public health interventions and services.6
A health system based on primary healthcare orients its structures and functions toward the tenets of equity and social solidarity and the right of human beings to attain standards of health without distinction of other parameters such as race, religion, political, belief, economic and social condition. The principles required to sustain such a system are its capacity to respond equitably and efficiently to the health needs of citizens, including the ability to monitor progress for continuous improvement and renewal; the responsibility and accountability of governments; sustainability; participation; an orientation toward the highest standards of quality and safety; and intersectoral action.7
NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES (NCDS)
The term NCDs refers to a group of conditions that are not mainly caused by an acute infection, result in long-term health consequences, and often create a need for long-term treatment and care. These conditions include cancers, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and chronic lung illnesses. Many NCDs can be prevented by reducing common risk factors such as tobacco use, abuse of alcohol, sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits and diets. Several other important conditions are also considered as NCDs, including injuries and mental health disorders. The healthcare services organization promotes, coordinates, and implements technical cooperation activities directed to the prevention and control of NCDs.8
Mental health is a “state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community”. Mental disorders and psychoactive substance-related disorders are highly prevalent throughout the world and are major contributors to morbidity, disability, and premature mortality. The development and establishment of policies and programs for mental health promotion and prevention are a necessary part of regional efforts to improve mental health in the overall population.9
RESPONSIBILITY OF HEALTH PROFESSIONALS IN HEALTH FOR ALL
The healthcare professionals can take down the main role in observing this special day to create awareness among public about the value of good health. Not only physical but taking care of the mental and emotional health of a person is equally important and draw people’s attention toward complete well-being. The movement of healthcare action reflects on the state of global health and how we can work together to improve it. This year, the theme denotes a journey to achieve Health for All. Hence, everyone deserves access to quality healthcare, no matter who they are or where they live.10 This central theme would be the harbinger of hope and succor to many a needy and deserving world citizen and for many more years to come.
3. Lauriola P, Crabbe H, Behbod B, Yip F, Medina S, Semenza JC, et al. Advancing global health through environmental and public health tracking. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020;17(6):1976. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17061976.
4. Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on assuring the health of the public in the 21 Century. The future of the public’s health in the 21st Century. Sec-5, The health care delivery system. Washington, DC: National Academics Press; 2002. Available at: https//www.ncbinlm.nih.gov/books/NBK221227/12August2022.
6. Jackson D, Commodore-Mensah Y, Dale CM, Logsdon MC, Morin K, Noyes J, et al. International nurses day 2021: A vision for increased social justice in future health care. J Adv Nur 2021;77(8):e13–e15. DOI: 10.1111/Jan.14888.
7. https://www.paho.org/en/topics/primary-health-care. Accessed on: 27 June 2023.
9. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/mental-health-strengthening-our-response. Accessed on: 27 June 2023
10. Campaign for action. Building healthier communities. 2021. Available communities. Accessed on: 27 June 2023.
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