Pondicherry Journal of Nursing

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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 2 ( May-Aug, 2017 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Pfeiffer Syndrome

Mrs. Saranya S

Keywords : birth defect, craniosynstosis, mutations,Pfeiffer syndrome

Citation Information : S MS. Pfeiffer Syndrome. 2017; 11 (2):52-54.

DOI: 10.5005/pjn-11-2-52

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-08-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Pfeiffer syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by premature fusion of certain skull bones (craniosynostosis) and other birth defects in the hands and feet. There are three subtypes of the syndrome, with Types II and III being the most severe. There is no specific treatment for Pfeiffer syndrome. Treatment is directed at improving the individual\'s symptoms. Pfeiffer syndrome is associated with mutations (changes) in the FGFR genes. It affects about 1 out of every 100,000 children. Pfeiffer syndrome can be inherited or can occur due to a new mutation, or change, in the involved gene. In cases of severe Pfeiffer syndrome, a new mutation is typically the cause.


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