Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease of cartilage degradation, which results pain in major joints, especially in knee joint. Globally, OA ranks eighth in all diseases and covers around 15% proportions among all musculoskeletal problems.
Background: Osteoarthritis is a disease of the cartilage which leads to degradation and results in pain in the major joints, especially in the knee joints. Knee joint pain is the most frequent complaint among the geriatric population. The objectives of this study were to assess the level of pain in knee joint among elderly, to evaluate the effectiveness of hot water application with Epsom salt on knee joint pain among elderly, and to find out the association between the level of pain in knee joint and selected demographic variables.
Materials and methods: A preexperimental research design was adopted for this study. This study was conducted among elderly aged above 60 years residing in T.N. Palayam. In total, 29 samples of elderly aged above 60 years residing in T.N. Palayam were selected based on the purposive sampling technique. The demographic data were collected from the elderly and then the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) oesteoarthritis rating scale was used to assess the degree of pain.
Results: The result revealed that out of 29 samples, pretest mean score level of pain was 2.93 with the standard deviation of 0.593, whereas after implementation of Epsom salt with hot water application, the posttest mean pain score was 2.17 with the standard deviation of 0.384. The effectiveness was statistically tested by paired t test which was found to be highly statistically significant at p less than 0.001.
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