Pondicherry Journal of Nursing

Register      Login

VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2019 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Educational Interventions Regarding Protection against Digital Abuse on Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice among Adolescents in Puducherry

M Nandhini, Surendran Raju

Keywords : Adolescents, Attitude, Digital abuse, Educational intervention, Knowledge, Practice

Citation Information : Nandhini M, Raju S. A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Educational Interventions Regarding Protection against Digital Abuse on Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice among Adolescents in Puducherry. 2019; 12 (2):46-49.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12114

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-09-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; The Author(s).


Background: Digital abuse happens when children and adolescents use mobile phones, networking, social, and other communication media to threaten or aggressively abuse someone. Digital abuse starts with few text messages per day, which can turn into hundreds. The abusers look for things like the passwords of other person and intimate photos. Abusers may spread rumors, pretend to be someone else, or even blackmail. In most cases, the abuse is very sensitive and emotional. Materials and methods: A quasi-experimental research design with quantitative approach was used for the study. The systematic random sampling was used to select 100 adolescents for the study. The pretest data were conducted by using a structured questionnaire for knowledge, a rating scale for attitude, and a checklist for practice. On the same day, educational interventions were given to 25 students from the list of students put in an alphabetical order. Each session consists of 1-hour structured teaching session, which includes PowerPoint presentation, videos, and pamphlet distribution regarding digital abuse and its protective measures. After 1 week, the knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding protection against digital abuse were assessed by using the same structured questionnaire for knowledge, rating scale for attitude, checklist for practice, and the posttest was conducted. Results: The study findings revealed that mean knowledge was 7.72 and 16.73, respectively, with standard deviation 2.948 and 4.778 in pre- and posttest, which was found highly statistically significant at the p < 0.001 level. In attitude, mean was 47.26 and 57.29 in pre- and posttest, respectively, with standard deviation 4.627 and 7.616, which was found highly statistically significant at the p < 0.001 level. In practice, mean was 6.28 and 7.44 in pre- and posttest, respectively, with standard deviation 1.944 and 1.766, which was found highly statistically significant at the p < 0.001 level. Also, there is a strong relationship between knowledge, attitude, and practice among adolescents. Conclusion: Educational interventions were effective in improving the knowledge, attitude, and good practice of adolescents on protection against digital abuse.

  1. Eleanor D. Respect effect: a new tool for teen dating violence prevention. Webinar publications. pp. 1–26.
  2. Bernetts C. Cyber Bullying and Stalking Guide (How to deal with all forms of online harassment). Book explorer publication. pp. 3–10.
  3. Foreman Jr DR. Harassment and cyber stalking. Chelsea house publications. pp. 456–500.
  4. Rizzo C. Gilles de la Tourette syndrome, depression, depressive illness, and correlates in a child and adolescent population. J Am Acad Child Adoles Psychi 2017;56(10).
  5. Flanagam AY. Digital Technology and Domestic Violence. Book explorer publication; 2018. pp. 336–340.
  6. Lenhart A. Online Harassment, Digital abuse, and Cyber Stalking in America. Published by Data and Society Research Institute; 2016.
  7. Sobchack V. Meta-morphing visual transformation and the culture of quick-change. Explore Books Publication; 2000. p. 312.
  8. Loveisrespect Organization. “Digital Dating Violence”, published by one love foundation; 2016.
  9. Seeborg R. “Promote online privacy, safety and security”, Published by Digital trust foundation; 2019.
  10. Vawnet. “Preventing and responding to Domestic and Sexual Violence in later life”, A project of National resource center on domestic violence; 2016.
  11. Neil V, “Together Against Domestic Violence”, Published by Life wire Organization; 1982.
  12. Polly N. “Protection for victims of rape and domestic abuse”; 19th March 2017.
  13. Sharma SK. Nursing research & statistics. 2nd ed., Elsevier publication; 2011. p. 4.
  14. Ramesh S. How to Hack – Hacking Secrets Exposed; 2015.
  15. Baker Dr Jed, No more victims (Protecting those with Autism from cyber Bullying, Internet Predators & Scams); 2015.
  16. Mequede SC. Cyber Safety (Cyber stalking and Cyber bullying), published by Chelsea house publication on April 1, 2012.
  17. Taylor Clara, How to overcome Cyber bullying and online harassment (A complete Guide for Prevention, Detection and Helping Victims of E-Bullying to Recover; 2014.
  18. Nelson R, Staggers N. “Health informatics”. E–Book: An Interprofessional approach, 229.
  19. Ronson J. A new book about bad behavior. The New York Times Publication; 2016.
  20. Ajtab MP. Helping Everyone stay safer online. Published Wired Safety Organization; 1995.
  21. Fascendini F. Technology related violence against women; 2011.
  22. Aiken M. The cyber effect, a pioneering cyber psychologist explains how human behavior changes online; 2016.
  23. Patty B. “Preventing and supporting to teen dating violence”; January 2017.
  24. Neumann PG. Computer related risks, Addison-Wesley professional. 1994. 384.
  25. Sadagopan AP. A study on prevalence of smart phone users at risk for developing cell phone vision syndrome among college students. J Psych Psychot 2017;7:299. DOI: 10,4172/2161-0487,100299.
  26. Rizzo CJ. A study on dating violence and digital abuse among high risk adolescent girls. J Interper Vio 2017;35(5–6):1389–1414. DOI: 10.1177/0886260517696859.
  27. Dziurzynska E. A study on coping strategies in individuals at risk and not at risk of mobile phone addiction. Curr Probl Psychiatry 2016;17(4):250–260. DOI: 10.1515/cpp-2016-0024.
  28. Kokkinos CM. A study on parenting and internet behavior predictors of cyber bullying and cyber victimization among pre adolescents. J Devi Behav 2016(4). DOI: 1080/01639625.2015.1060087.
  29. Drouin M. A study on sexting: a new, digital vehicle for intimate partner aggression. Comput Human Behav 2015;50:197–204. DOI: 10.1016/jchb.2015.04.001.
  30. Palmer T. A study on the impact of technology on the sexual abuse and exploitation of children and young people. Believe in children Barnardos 2015. p. 90.
  31. Powell A. A Survey on digital harassment and abuse of adult Australians, RMIT University; 2014.
  32. Razam AR. A Study on cyber bullying and cyber victimization among children and adolescents, Research Gate; 2013.
  33. AP-NORC. A Study on digital abuse; experience of teens and young adults. University of Chicago; 2013.
  34. Janine M. Conducted survey on technology, Teen Dating Violence and Abuse, and Bullying. Urban Institute Justice Policy Center; 2013.
  35. Fairbairn J. Conducted a study on abusive relationship patterns may also be facilitated or maintained through social media, Sexual Violence and Social Media: Building a Framework for Prevention Research Gate; 2013.
  36. Ahn J. Study on teenagers experienced with social network sites; relationship to bridging and bonding social capital. J Infor Soc, An Int J 2012;28(2):99–109. DOI: 10.1080/01972243.2011.6493394.
  37. Mishna F. A Study on Cyber Bullying behaviors among middle and high school students, Pubmed.gov (US National library of Medicine, National Institute of health) 2010 5). DOI: 10.1111/j.1939-0025.2010.010140.x.
  38. Chew A. A study on cyber stalking examining the relationship between facebook usages, University Tunku Abdul Rahman; 2009.
  39. Li Q. A cross cultural comparison of adolescents experience related to Cyber Bullying. J Educat Res 2008;50(3):223–234. DOI: 10.1080/001318802309333.
  40. Wang J. A Survey on school bullying among adolescents, The Journal of Adolescent health: official publication of the society for adolescent Medicine; 2005.
  41. Bocji P. A Study on victims of Cyber Stalking, First Monday peer reviewed Journal of the Internet; 2003 10.5210/fm.v8i0.1085.
  42. Bargh JA. A Study on internet and social life, New York University; 2003.
  43. Bertalanffy LV. General System Theory – Foundations, Development and Application, Revised Edition, Penguin University Books Publication. p. 295.
  44. Gatti J. AP-MTV conducted study on digital abuse; 2011.
  45. National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS), CDC branded violence prevention publications.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.