Pondicherry Journal of Nursing

Register      Login

VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2019 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Effectiveness of Soybean vs Chickpea on Menopausal Symptoms among Women in Selected Rural Areas, Puducherry, India

Keywords : Chick pea, Menopausal symptoms, Soybean

Citation Information : Effectiveness of Soybean vs Chickpea on Menopausal Symptoms among Women in Selected Rural Areas, Puducherry, India. 2019; 12 (4):82-86.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12127

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-07-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; The Author(s).


Introduction: An average Indian woman spends almost one-third of her life span in the postmenopausal phase enduring the consequences of hormonal decline. About 89.3% menopausal women experience at least one or more menopausal symptom(s). Soybeans and chickpeas naturally contains the phytoestrogens that are used to mitigate the menopausal problems. Hence, to ensure a quality life to these women, attention needs to be focused on menopausal problems to alleviate these problems through appropriate interventions. Natural estrogens can be very helpful during menopause to mitigate the problems. Objective: To evaluate and compare the effectiveness of soybean vs chickpeas on menopausal symptoms among women. Materials and methods: True experimental research design was adopted for the study. A total of 150 menopausal women were selected by the purposive sampling technique with randomization (50 samples in each group). Group I received soybean, group II received chickpea, and group III was the control group. Pretest and posttest were done by using the Greene Climacteric Menopausal Assessment Scale. About 50 g of boiled soybean and chickpea were given to group I and group II for 21 days, respectively. Results: The findings implicate that the menopausal women were in the age group of 49–52 years. The pretest mean standard deviation for the level of menopausal symptoms of the soybean group was 67.0 ± 4.745 and posttest was 33.4 ± 6.021. The pretest mean standard deviation for the level of menopausal symptoms of the chickpea group was 66.8 ± 4.929 and posttest was 43.2 ± 7.301. Soybean and chickpea were effective in reduction of menopausal symptoms in both group I and group II. Results show that the t value for group I was 32.4 and group II was 22.60, which was significant at p < 0.001 level. Conclusion: The study concludes that soybean was effective in reduction of menopausal symptoms among women than chickpea.

  1. Dutta DC. Textbook of gynaecology. 6th ed., New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers Pvt Ltd; 2013. pp. 57–65.
  2. World Health Organization. Measuring quality of life. Geneva: WHO; 1997. Available from: http://www.who.int/mentalhealth/media/en_pdf.
  3. Bavadam Lyla. Gender issues. A silent syndrome. Frontline, india's national magazine from the Publishers of THE HINDU. 1999;16(7).
  4. Indian women reaching menopause at 30: Study. Times of India. 2007. Jan 23.
  5. Cohen BE, Kanaya AM, Macer JL, Shen H, Chang AA, Grady D. Feasibility and acceptability of restorative yoga for treatment of hot flushes: a pilot trial. Maturitas 2007;56(2):198–204. DOI: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2006.08.003.
  6. Rahman SA, Zainudin SR, Mun VL. Assessment of menopausal symptoms using Modified menopause rating scale (MRS) among middle age women in Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. Asia Pac Fam Med 2014;9(1):5.
  7. Punia A, Lekha S, Punia MS. Assessment of menopausal problems among rural women using Modified menopause rating scale. Int J Med Sci Public Health 2017;6(5):873–878. DOI: 10.5455/ijmsph.2017.1165712122016.
  8. Jyothi NM. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology (IOSR-JESTFT). 2013;5(1):15–17. e-ISSN: 2319-2402, p-ISSN: 2319-2399, www.Iosrjournals.Org.
  9. Krishnamoorthy Y, Sarveswaran G, Jayaseelan V, Sakthivel M, Arivarasan Y, Bharathnag N. Assessment of quality of life based on psychological, somatovegetative, and urogenital health problems among postmenopausal women in urban Puducherry, South India: a cross-sectional observational study. J Mid-life Health 2018;9:173–179.
  10. Rukumani J. Knowledge on menopause among pre menopausal women at selected area of Puducherry, India. Res J Family, Community and Consumer Sci 2015;3(8):1–3.
  11. Cramer H, Lauche R, Langhorst J, Dobos G. Effectiveness of yoga for menopausal symptoms: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2012;2012:863905. DOI: 10.1155/2012/863905.
  12. Fait T. Menopause hormone therapy: latest developments and clinical practice. Drugs Context 2019. 8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7573/dic.212551.
  13. Guo PP, Li P, Zhang XH, Liu N, Wang J, Chen DD, et al. Complementary and alternative medicine for natural and treatment-induced vasomotor symptoms: an overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Complement Ther Clin Pract 2019;36:181–194. DOI: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.07.007.
  14. Krebs EE, Ensrud KE, MacDonald R, Wilt TJ. Phytoestrogens for treatment of menopausal symptoms: a systematic review. Obstet Gynecol 2004;104(4):824–836. DOI: 10.1097/01.AOG.0000140688.71638.d3.
  15. Ahsan M, Mallick AK. The effect of soy isoflavones on the menopause rating scale scoring in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women: a pilot study. J Clin Diagn Res 2017;11(9):FC13–FC16. DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/26034.10654.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.