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VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2019 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Effectiveness of an Information Booklet on Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Female Feticide among Women in a Selected Rural Area, Bengaluru

Bangalore V Tejeshwari

Keywords : Assess, Effectiveness, Female feticide, Information booklet, Knowledge, Women

Citation Information : Tejeshwari BV. Effectiveness of an Information Booklet on Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Female Feticide among Women in a Selected Rural Area, Bengaluru. 2019; 12 (4):87-89.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12121

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: Female feticide is the process of finding out the sex of the fetus and undergoing abortion if it is a girl. This is one of the most prevalent issues today. The preference for the male child dates back into history and obviously, therefore, female feticide has long been practiced in Indian societies. With the advancement in technology and development of easier and cheaper techniques, female feticide has spread throughout India. The government has amended the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act of 1994 that criminalized prenatal sex screening and female feticide, making it illegal in India to determine or disclose the sex of fetus to anyone. Objectives: The objectives of this study are as follows: To assess the existing level of knowledge and attitude regarding female feticide among women in a selected rural area, Bengaluru. To assess the posttest knowledge level and attitude regarding female feticide among women in a selected rural area, Bengaluru. To assess the effectiveness of information booklet on knowledge regarding female feticide among women. To find out the association between posttest knowledge scores with the selected demographic variable. Design: Quasi-experimental design (one group pretest posttest design) was used to study the effectiveness of information booklet. Fifty women of rural area, Bengaluru, were recruited by the nonprobability purposive sampling technique. Necessary administrative permission was obtained from the concerned authority. Structured interview schedule was used to elicit the baseline data, and structured questionnaires were used to elicit the knowledge regarding female feticide among women in a selected rural area, Bengaluru. Setting: The study was conducted in a selected rural area, Bengaluru, and 50 women were recruited for this study. Results: The study revealed that among 50 women, 22 (44%) women had adequate knowledge, 28 (56%) women had moderately adequate knowledge, and there was no inadequate knowledge found in the posttest score. The mean pretest knowledge score of women was 9.8, whereas the mean posttest knowledge score was 23.33. The obtained “t” value was 13.24, which was found to be statistically significant at 0.05 level. Conclusion: The study concluded that the information booklet on knowledge regarding female feticide among women in a selected rural area, Bengaluru, was found to be effective in improving the knowledge of women as evidenced by the significant change between pretest and posttest knowledge scores.


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  2. Khanna SK. Prenatal sex determination: a new family building strategy. Manushi; 1995. p. 86.
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  4. Proceedings of the regional workshop on the implementation of the PCPNDT act 1994, 2006. Institute of development studies, Kolkata.
  5. http://www.maharashtraweb.com/Hariyana/foeticide.htm.
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