Pondicherry Journal of Nursing

Register      Login

VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2021 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

A Study to Assess the Prevalence and Contributing Factors of Ventilator-associated Pneumonia among Patients Admitted to Critical Care Units, MGMCRI, from January to December 2019

M Malarmathi, S Nandhini, Lavanya Sankar, K Renuka

Keywords : Contributing factors, Prevalence, Ventilator-associated pneumonia

Citation Information : Malarmathi M, Nandhini S, Sankar L, Renuka K. A Study to Assess the Prevalence and Contributing Factors of Ventilator-associated Pneumonia among Patients Admitted to Critical Care Units, MGMCRI, from January to December 2019. 2021; 14 (2):26-28.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13103

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 06-08-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most frequent life-threatening nosocomial infection in intensive care units (ICUs). Reported incidences vary widely from 5 to 40% depending on the setting and diagnostic criteria. Aims and objectives: (1) To assess the prevalence of VAP among patients admitted to critical care units. (2) To find out the contributing factors of VAP among patients admitted to critical care units. Materials and methods: A retrospective approach was adopted for the study. The population of the study involves the patients diagnosed with VAP. The cluster sampling technique was used. Data were collected from the records based on the demographic variables and the contributing factors that were listed out in the study. Results: With regard to the contributing factors of the VAP, 40 samples were available. Out of these 40 samples, 12 (30%) were with respiratory illness, 7 (17.5%) were with cardiovascular disorders, 7 (17.5%) were with kidney diseases, 5 (12.5%) were with prolonged length of stay, 2 (5%) were with the resistance to antibiotics and invasive procedures, 3 (7.5%) were with trauma, and 1 (2.5%) was with septicemia and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome.


PDF Share
  1. Arlene LP. Core principle and practice of medical surgical nursing. 2nd ed. Haryana: Elsevier Publication, 2010.
  2. Barbara K, Timby N, Smith E. Introduction to medical surgical nursing. 9th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkin, 2007.
  3. Richards MJ, Edwards JR, Culver DH, et al. Nosocomial infections in medical intensive care units in the United States. Crit Care Med 1999;27(5):887–892. DOI: 10.1097/00003246-199905000-00020.
  4. Shebl E, Gulick PG. Nosocomial pneumonia. Treasure Island: Stat Pearls, 2020.
  5. American Thoracic Society, Infectious Diseases Society of America. Guidelines for the management of adults with hospital-acquired, ventilator-associated, and healthcare-associated pneumonia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2005;171(4):388. DOI: 10.1164/rccm.200405-644ST.
  6. Tao L, Hu B, Rosenthal VD, et al. Impact of a multidimensional approach on ventilator-associated pneumonia rates in a hospital of Shanghai: findings of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium. J Crit Care 2012;27(5):440–446. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2011.12.018.
  7. De Miguel-Díez J, Jiménez-García R, Hernández-Barrera V, et al. Trends in hospitalizations for community-acquired pneumonia in Spain: 2004 to 2013. Eur J Internal Med 2017;40:64–71. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejim.2016.12.010.
  8. Wip C, Napolitano L. Bundles to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia: how valuable are they? Curr Opin Infect Dis 2009;22(2):159–166. DOI: 10.1097/QCO.0b013e3283295e7b.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.