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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2021 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Butterfly Children/Epidermolysis Bullosa

Jaya Pradha Dhandapani

Keywords : Blisters, Butterfly children, Epidermolysis bullosa, Skin

Citation Information : Dhandapani JP. Butterfly Children/Epidermolysis Bullosa. 2021; 14 (3):66-68.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13106

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-10-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Epidermolysis bullosa is a collection of a typical medical conditions that end in easy blistering of the skin and mucous membranes. Its severances can extent from mild to fatal. Children born with it are often called “butterfly children” because their skin seems as brittle as a butterfly wing. Epidermolysis bullosa was first identified in the late 1800s. Its association is with family of conditions called blistering diseases. There are the top five types of epidermolysis bullosa. Approximately 5,000 people have been affected by this disease in the UK. A positive family history raises the risk, based upon the type of inheritance and the closeness of affected relatives. All kinds of epidermolysis bullosa are genetic through the family so having a history of family or an impaired parent is a risk factor. Generally, signs of epidermolysis bullosa first arise in babies or toddlers. Painful skin and pustules are the major symptoms. Skin biopsy is prime. To make the diagnosis, immunofluorescence is necessary and also electromicroscopy. Treatment option includes minimizing friction, effusing blisters, maintaining a cool temperature, recognizing the signs of infection and maintaining a proper diet. The complications are anemia, oral cavities constipation, dehydration, dry skin, eye problem, infection, malnutrition, and skin cancer.


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