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VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2023 ) > List of Articles


A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program on Knowledge about Peptic Ulcer among First-year D.T.Ed. Students at Ragavendra Teacher Training Institute at Keezhamoongiladi

Govindaraju Rajaselvi

Keywords : Effectiveness, Peptic ulcer, Structured teaching program

Citation Information : Rajaselvi G. A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program on Knowledge about Peptic Ulcer among First-year D.T.Ed. Students at Ragavendra Teacher Training Institute at Keezhamoongiladi. 2023; 16 (2):44-47.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13165

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-06-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


The peptic ulcer is one of the most prevalent problems in the world. The National Health Survey reports the incidence of duodenal ulcer peaks in the age of 18–40 years, with male:female ratio of 2:1. Background: In the past, peptic ulcer means living with a chronic condition. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the existing knowledge about peptic ulcers among first-year D.T.Ed. students and to test the effectiveness of a structured teaching program on knowledge about the prevention of peptic ulcers. Materials and methods: One group of pretest–posttest design (quantitative approach) was adopted for the study. Fifty first-year D.T.Ed. students were selected by a simple random sampling technique. Knowledge was assessed by using a structured interview technique and data were analyzed by means of descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: Most of the samples in the study [32 (64%)] were between the age-group of 18–20 years. In the pretest, 44 (88%) students had inadequate knowledge, only 6 (12%) had moderately adequate knowledge, and no one had adequate knowledge of peptic ulcers. With respect to the incidence of peptic ulcer in the family, 21 (42%) students’ parents had peptic ulcer, 4 (8%) students’ siblings had peptic ulcer, and 25 (50%) students did not have a family history of peptic ulcer. In the pretest, 40 (80%) students had inadequate knowledge, and 10 (20%) had moderately adequate knowledge. No one had inadequate knowledge. In the posttest, 6 (12%) students had moderately adequate knowledge, and 44 (88%) had adequate knowledge. It shows that the knowledge level has improved in the posttest and indicates that the structured teaching program was effective. Conclusion: The knowledge of peptic ulcer was assessed by using a structured interview technique. After a structured teaching program about peptic ulcers, there was a significant improvement in the knowledge level. The study revealed that the structured teaching program was effective in improving the knowledge regarding the prevention of peptic ulcers.

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