Pondicherry Journal of Nursing

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VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2015 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

A Study to Assess the Family Burden and Coping Strategies among the Caregivers of Patients with Schizophrenia

Prof. A. Rajathi, Dr. Gandhimathi

Citation Information : Rajathi PA, DG. A Study to Assess the Family Burden and Coping Strategies among the Caregivers of Patients with Schizophrenia. 2015; 8 (1):38-43.

DOI: 10.5005/pjn-8-1-38

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-04-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Schizophrenia has often been described as the “cancer” of mental illness and care giving is a burdensome task for the family members. Assessing the family burden and coping strategies among the caregivers of patients with schizophrenia may help the caregivers to understand the nature of the problem and plan for better care. The Non experimental descriptive design was used. Fifty caregivers of schizophrenic patients were selected by using Non probability purposive sampling technique. Semi structured interview schedule and Coping inventory was used to assess the level of family burden & coping strategies of the caregivers of schizophrenic patients. The results regarding the Family burden of caregivers shows that 24(48%) of them had no burden and only 13(26%) of them had severe burden in the item of loss of patients income. 38(76%) of them had no burden and 6(12%) of them had severe burden in the item of family become secluded or withdrawn from others. Regarding coping strategies of caregivers in problem oriented coping method 74% of the them “Always” used the item of “Accept the situation as it is” and Inaffective oriented coping strategies 82% of them “Always” used the item of “pray” as a coping method. The study concludes that the caregivers of schizophrenic patients experience burden on the physical, emotional, financial aspects and the extent of the burden is closely linked to the amount of symptomatic behaviour of the patient. Coping positively will not only make the caregivers to feel better and also they will be able to take better care of schizophrenicpatients.


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