Pondicherry Journal of Nursing

Register      Login

VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2015 ) > List of Articles


A Study to Assess the Family Burden and Coping Strategies among the Caregivers of Patients with Schizophrenia

Prof. A. Rajathi, Dr. Gandhimathi

Citation Information : Rajathi PA, DG. A Study to Assess the Family Burden and Coping Strategies among the Caregivers of Patients with Schizophrenia. 2015; 8 (1):38-43.

DOI: 10.5005/pjn-8-1-38

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-04-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; The Author(s).


Schizophrenia has often been described as the “cancer” of mental illness and care giving is a burdensome task for the family members. Assessing the family burden and coping strategies among the caregivers of patients with schizophrenia may help the caregivers to understand the nature of the problem and plan for better care. The Non experimental descriptive design was used. Fifty caregivers of schizophrenic patients were selected by using Non probability purposive sampling technique. Semi structured interview schedule and Coping inventory was used to assess the level of family burden & coping strategies of the caregivers of schizophrenic patients. The results regarding the Family burden of caregivers shows that 24(48%) of them had no burden and only 13(26%) of them had severe burden in the item of loss of patients income. 38(76%) of them had no burden and 6(12%) of them had severe burden in the item of family become secluded or withdrawn from others. Regarding coping strategies of caregivers in problem oriented coping method 74% of the them “Always” used the item of “Accept the situation as it is” and Inaffective oriented coping strategies 82% of them “Always” used the item of “pray” as a coping method. The study concludes that the caregivers of schizophrenic patients experience burden on the physical, emotional, financial aspects and the extent of the burden is closely linked to the amount of symptomatic behaviour of the patient. Coping positively will not only make the caregivers to feel better and also they will be able to take better care of schizophrenicpatients.

PDF Share
  1. Barroso, Bandeira and Nascimento (2009), Predictors of subjective burden for families of psychiatric patients treated in the public health care system in Belo Horizonte, Canrnos de Saude Publica. 25(9),1957-68
  2. Biegel, Milligan, Putnamand Song (1994), Predictors of burden among lower socioeconomic status caregivers of persons with chronic mental illness, Journal of Family Social Work. 13(2),25-44.
  3. Breitborde, Lopez, Chang, Kopelowicz and Zarate (2009), Emotional over-involvement can be deleterious for caregivers' health: Mexican Americans caring for a relative with schizophrenia, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 44(9),716-23.
  4. Caqueo-Urízar, Gutierrez-Maldonado, Ferrer-Garcia, Darrigrande-Molina (2011), Burden of care in Aymara caregivers of patients with schizophrenia, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. 1;58(4), 429-32
  5. Caqueo-Urizar, Gutierrez-Maldonado, Ferrer-Garcia, Penaloza-Salazar, Richards- Araya and Cuadra-Peralta (2011), Attitudes and burden in relatives of patientswith schizophrenia in a middle income country, BMC Family Practice. 2011, 12:101
  6. Chadda, Singh and Ganguly (2007), Caregiver burden and coping: a prospective study of relationship between burden and coping in caregivers of patients with schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.42(11):923-30.
  7. Cherkil (2010), Coping styles, stress tolerance, and wellbeing and their correlations in the women spouses of the mentally ill, Indian Journal of Psychological Medecine.32:99-103
  8. Chien, Chan and Morrissey (2007), The perceived burden among Chinese family caregivers of people with schizophrenia, Journal of Clinical Nursing.16(6):1151-61
  9. Grover, et al. (2012), Comparative study of the experience of caregiving in bipolar affective disorder and schizophrenia. International Journal Social Psychiatry. 58(6):614-22.
  10. Boyd A Mary. (2008), Psychiatric Nursing -Contemporary Practice, Lippincot. 35-34
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.