Pondicherry Journal of Nursing

Register      Login

VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2019 ) > List of Articles


Cyborg Technology: A Quiet Revolution

Jaya Pradha Dhandapani

Keywords : Cyborg, Human, Science and technology

Citation Information : Dhandapani JP. Cyborg Technology: A Quiet Revolution. 2019; 12 (4):96-99.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12133

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-07-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; The Author(s).


Cyborg technology is one among the new scientific achievements takes humankind to next level. Cyborgs are machine that has inner metallic endoskeleton and outer living tissue. The history of cyborg technology dates back to 1960.1 Two NASA scientists named Nathan Kline and Manfred Clynes were the first to coin the term Cyborg.2 Their vision is to enhance mankind survival in an extraterrestrial environment. Cyborg has been divided into two types such as convenient cyborg and conditional cyborg.2 The main difference between the cyborg and robot is, a cyborg is a part of living beings but robot is a nonliving automated machine. The incorporation of cyborg technology in humans includes hearing color, the luke arm, visualizing light, hand gripping and artificial eyes. Example of such technology was first witnessed in the movie Star Wars and currently it is used as a prosthetic for humans in order to create the touch sense and to help in their normal day-to-day life.3 Scope in cyborg technological development such as computer-controlled smart limbs, nanomedicine, uploading the brain and invisibility technology.4 It has both advantages and disadvantages but hope in future this will bring a quiet revolution in technology advancement and upgrade human to next level.5

  1. A cyborg manifesto: science technology and socialist-feminism in the late 20th century 2014 Feb 14th at the wayback machine by donna haraway.
  2. Kline Nathans, Manfred E. Cylnes cyborg and space ‘astronautics,1960 sep, pp. 26-27 and 74-75; reprinted in gray, mentor, and Figueroa–sarriers, ed., The cyborg handbook, newyork; routledge, 1995. pp. 29–34.
  3. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2017/04/evolution-genetics-medicine-brain-technology-cyborg/.
  4. http://s.telegraph.co.uk/graphics/projects/the-future-is-android/.
  5. Garcia FC. Nace una fundacion dedicadada a convertir humanos en cyborgs; la vanguardia, 1 March 2011.
  6. Sofoulis Zoe. Cyber quake: caraways manifesto in tofts, Darren, an intellectual history, Sydney. publication, 2002. pp. 84–103.
  7. https://gizmodo.com/how-close-are-we-to-building-a-full-fledged-cyborg-1443146375.
  8. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2547086/Want-CYBORG-The-technologies-mega-zoom-vision-ability-pick-car.html.
  9. https://futurism.com/six-of-todays-most-advanced-real-life-cyborgs/.
  10. Space and cyborg, in astronautics in 1960 sept by Manfred E Clynes and American scientist and researcher Nathan.s Kline.
  11. Cyborgs vl.0 by marcon chackon.
  12. Clynes ME, Kline NS. Cyborgs and space. Astronautics. Orangeburg, NY: Rockland State Hospital; 1960. pp. 26–27.
  13. Harawy DJ. A cyborg manifesto in harway. Simians, Cyborgs and Women, Reinvention of nature, Newyork: Routledge; 1991. pp. 149–181.
  14. https://www.cyborartsweb.org/space/cyborg/advent.html.
  15. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/feb/15/elon-musk-cyborgs-robots-artificial-intelligence-is-he-right.
  16. Robert R. Powel Future Cyborgs; Human machine interface for vitrual Realityy Applications, major, USAF April 2007, department.
  17. Joseph C. The techno-human shell-a jump in the evolutionary gap. Sunbury Press; 2012. ISBN 978-1-62006-165-7.
  18. Halacy DS. Cyborg; evolution of the superman. Newyork: Row Publishers; 1965. p. 7.
  19. Cyborg; digital destiny and human possibility in the age of the wearable computers, retrieved 4 July 2013.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.