Background: A person's health and wellness are impacted by getting good sleep. The next day's freshness, energy, enthusiasm, and sanity depend on it. It promotes comfortable sleep and empowers us when we wake up. The objectives of the study are to assess the quality of sleep and offer academic performance among undergraduates in selected colleges.
Materials and methods: A quantitative descriptive research design was used. About 28 subjects were selected by using convenience sampling technique who fulfilled the inclusion criteria, and they availed themselves during the data collection at selected colleges in Uttar Pradesh. Data were collected by using sleep quality scale (SQS) and academic performance [grade point average (GPA)]. Informed consent was obtained from all participants.
Results: Overall quality of sleep revealed its level, 24 (85.7%) had a fairly good sleep, 3 (10.7%) had fairly bad sleep, and 1 (3.6%) had very good sleep. Academic performance of the undergraduate students was 13 (46.4%) excellent, 9 (32.1%) outstanding, 4 (14.3%) very good performance, and 2 (7.1%) good. So, the study concluded that good quality of sleep improved the academic performance of undergraduate students.
Conclusion: Quality of sleep improves the academic performance of undergraduate students. So, better and good sleep improves not only memory but also excellent academic performance.
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13169 |
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Kalaiyamoorthy V, Abel L. Assessment of Knowledge on Noncommunicable Diseases among the Adult Patients who are Attending the Noncommunicable Diseases Outpatient Department in Government Head Quarters Hospital at Cuddalore. 2023; 16 (2):31-33.
Background: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are a group of diseases that affect individuals over an extended period causing a socioeconomic burden to the nation. According to the World Health Organization 2022, NCDs kill 41 million people each year, equivalent to 74% of all deaths globally. The objectives of the study were to assess the level of knowledge on NCDs and associate the level of knowledge on NCDs with selected demographic variables among adults.
Materials and methods: A descriptive research design was used for this study. The study population comprising all adults with age-groups between 35 and 55 years, including males and females who are attending a noncommunicable disease outpatient department in Government Head Quarters Hospital at Cuddalore. A convenient sampling technique was used to select 60 samples. The demographic data were collected from the sample, and a self-structured questionnaire was used to assess the level of knowledge on NCDs.
Results: The result revealed that out of 60 samples, 10(16.6%) subjects had inadequate knowledge, 47(78.3%) subjects had moderately adequate knowledge, and 3 (5%) subjects had adequate knowledge.
Background of the study: Nursing is a profession within the healthcare sector on the care of individuals, families, and communities, so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life. Nursing syllabus also was very difficult to study. Study habit is an action such as reading, taking notes, and holding study groups which the students perform regularly and habitually in order to accomplish the task of learning. Academic performance is to evaluate the students’ achievement across various academic subjects. Faculty and education officials typically measure achievement using classroom performance, graduation rates, and results from standardized tests. So, the students’ academic performance depends on their study habits.
Methodology: A descriptive study was conducted to assess the study habits and academic performance of final year nursing students. Data were collected by administering semistructured questionnaire that consists of sociodemographic variable to assess the study habits, semistructured questions with 5-point Likert scale. To assess academic performance, their internal assessment test results were taken. Analysis of data was done by using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: Among 30 students, 10 (33.3%) of them had good, 14 (46.6%) had average, and 4 (20.1%) had poor study habits. The result showed that majority of them 20 (66.67%) got first class.
Conclusion: This present study concluded that most of the students had average and good study habits whose academic performance was also good and got first class in academic performance. It encourages us to do nursing interventions to improve slow learners’ academic performance by practicing good study habits.
Background: Self-esteem among the elderly is an important area of concern that reflects the health status and well-being of this vulnerable population. Their number in the developing world is increasing due to demographic transition.
Objectives: This present study was conducted to assess the self-esteem among elderly persons in selected areas, Puducherry.
Methodology: A quantitative descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. A total sample of 200 elderly persons was selected by using convenience sampling technique. Data were collected by using sociodemographic variables, Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale.
Results: The study results revealed that the majority of elderly people, 80.5%, had normal self-esteem.
Conclusion: The study concluded that self-esteem of the elderly increases their well-being that also improves.
Neurocognitive disorder is a general term that describes decreased mental function due to a medical disease other than a psychiatric illness. The most common causes of neurocognitive disorders include: degenerative conditions affecting the brain and nervous system, including dementia such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, and Huntington's disease. Neurocognitive disorder due to traumatic brain injury is diagnosed when persistent cognitive impairment is observed immediately following the head injury, along with one or more of the following symptoms: loss of consciousness, posttraumatic amnesia, disorientation and confusion, or neurological impairment. The mainstay of treatment includes anti-psychotics and psychotherapies.
Effectiveness, Peptic ulcer, Structured teaching program
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13165 |
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Rajaselvi G. A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program on Knowledge about Peptic Ulcer among First-year D.T.Ed. Students at Ragavendra Teacher Training Institute at Keezhamoongiladi. 2023; 16 (2):44-47.
The peptic ulcer is one of the most prevalent problems in the world. The National Health Survey reports the incidence of duodenal ulcer peaks in the age of 18–40 years, with male:female ratio of 2:1.
Background: In the past, peptic ulcer means living with a chronic condition.
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the existing knowledge about peptic ulcers among first-year D.T.Ed. students and to test the effectiveness of a structured teaching program on knowledge about the prevention of peptic ulcers.
Materials and methods: One group of pretest–posttest design (quantitative approach) was adopted for the study. Fifty first-year D.T.Ed. students were selected by a simple random sampling technique. Knowledge was assessed by using a structured interview technique and data were analyzed by means of descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: Most of the samples in the study [32 (64%)] were between the age-group of 18–20 years. In the pretest, 44 (88%) students had inadequate knowledge, only 6 (12%) had moderately adequate knowledge, and no one had adequate knowledge of peptic ulcers. With respect to the incidence of peptic ulcer in the family, 21 (42%) students’ parents had peptic ulcer, 4 (8%) students’ siblings had peptic ulcer, and 25 (50%) students did not have a family history of peptic ulcer. In the pretest, 40 (80%) students had inadequate knowledge, and 10 (20%) had moderately adequate knowledge. No one had inadequate knowledge. In the posttest, 6 (12%) students had moderately adequate knowledge, and 44 (88%) had adequate knowledge. It shows that the knowledge level has improved in the posttest and indicates that the structured teaching program was effective.
Conclusion: The knowledge of peptic ulcer was assessed by using a structured interview technique. After a structured teaching program about peptic ulcers, there was a significant improvement in the knowledge level. The study revealed that the structured teaching program was effective in improving the knowledge regarding the prevention of peptic ulcers.