Background: If the women are given information on care during menopause, it will help them to make informed health decisions, clear of the confusion they may be experiencing about menopause and take measures to promote her health.
Materials and methods: An interventional analytical research approach was considered to be most appropriate for this study. Quasi-experimental research design was used by the non-random sampling method 200 perimenopausal women were selected. A structured knowledge questionnaire, belief questionnaire, Likert scale, Checklist, WHOQoL-BREF quality of life scale, and satisfaction questionnaire were used for data collection. The analysis was done with the help of inferential and descriptive statistics was used to collect the data.
Results: The total score of the quality of life scale had significantly improved in the intervention group after the intervention was compared with the control group (p < 0.050). In addition, at the end of 3rd month, the mean scores of the model constructs (knowledge, attitude, subjective norms, and enabling factors) had significantly improved after the intervention group in comparison with the control group (p < 0.050).
Conclusion: The educational intervention based on BASNEF model improved the quality of life among perimenopausal women. This model constructs improved in the intervention group in comparison with the control group after the intervention.
Barriers, Comprehensive training program, Facilitators, Golden hours, Hospital-acquired infection, Intensive care unit nurses, Myocardial infarction, Outcomes, Timely treatment
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13180 |
Open Access |
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How to cite this article:
Sasikala D, Nandhini SD, Manju G. Facilitators, Barriers, and Outcomes of Timely Treatment in Golden Hours for Patients with Myocardial Infarction at Selected Hospitals, Chennai. 2023; 16 (4):74-78.
Background: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a medical emergency and the most deadly presentation of coronary heart disease. The concept of golden hours is extremely crucial because most deaths and cardiac arrests occur during this period. Golden hours is a window of opportunity that has an impact on a patient's survival and quality of life.
Aim: This study aimed to assess the facilitators, barriers, and outcomes of timely treatment in golden hours for patients with myocardial infarction (MI).
Materials and methods: A descriptive correlational study design was carried out among 100 patients with MI at the selected tertiary care center, selected by consecutive sampling technique. The data collection was done using pretested and predetermined tools such as background variables pro forma, and checklist to assess the facilitators, barriers, and outcomes of timely treatment in golden hours for patients with MI.
The collected data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: The study findings showed that there was a significant association between timely treatment and source of information on MI (χ2 = 5.555, p < 0.05), history of hypertension (χ2 = 5.787, p < 0.05), the outcome of a patient with MI such as survival rate of the patient (χ2 = 4.21), need for medical management (χ2 = 2.68), coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) (χ2 = 22.33), percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) (χ2 = 9.071), intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) (χ2 = 11.26), length of stay (LOS) (χ2 = 41.67), recurrence of cardiac arrest (χ2 = 18.34), and dysrhythmia (χ2 = 28.51) at p < 0.05 level.
Conclusion: Hence the study showed that delay in seeking treatment for MI symptoms limits the benefits of reperfusion therapies and influences the prognosis of treatment.
Introduction: God has created human beings as equal without any discrimination as to their skill power, will power, grasping power, intellect, etc. But it's the human beings who discriminate, misuse and abuse human being and treat them as objects and the fault lies only on the selfish nature of the human beings.
Aim and objective: To assess the quality of life among transgenders residing at Puducherry. To correlate the quality of life and general health among transgender with their demographic variables. To associate the quality of life among transgender with their demographic variables.
Methodology: The present study was conducted to “a descriptive study.” A quantitative research approach was considered as appropriate for the present study. The investigation (research) design selected for the study is descriptive design. The study was conducted in Puducherry. The selection of setting was done on the basis of feasibility of conducting the study. The target population for the study comprises transgenders at Puducherry in this present study. Sample consists of 100 transgenders in Puducherry. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the samples of this study modified World Health Organization Quality of Life, Health, Physical, Psychological, Social and Environmental (WHOQOL-BREF) and General health questionnaires (GHQs) on quality of life among transgenders residing at Puducherry. Demographic data consist of age in years, religion at birth, religion at present, educational status, occupation, income, type of family, relationship status, residing area, whether they are living with their family, when did you feel that you are not belonging to biological gender, age at which left home, did you undergo cosmetic/surgical changes, at which age you underwent cosmetic/surgical change made.
Results: It shows that out of 100 transgenders highest percentage of 86 (86%) were of fair health and 12 (12%) were better health and 2 (2%) were worst health.
Background: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency treatment meant to save the life of a person experiencing cardiac arrest. It is evident in persons who are breathing only gasps or are unconscious. It can be tried both inside and outside of a medical facility. The study's goals were to evaluate the staff nurses’ degree of knowledge about CPR and the demographic variable.
Materials and methods: There was use of a quantitative descriptive research design. Among the population are staff nurses employed by SLG Hospitals in Hyderabad. Using the convenient sampling technique, 30 samples of staff nurses who met the inclusion criteria were chosen from among them. Nurses with a year of experience at SLG Hospital, who speak Hindi, English, and Telugu, as well as those who are open to taking part in the research were included in the study. Experts validated the tool, and prior authorization was secured to carry out the investigation. Consent was gained with knowledge. The investigator guaranteed privacy. A pilot research was carried out. The questionnaire technique was used to collect the data. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to assess the respondents’ knowledge of CPR. Descriptive statistics was used to plan the data analysis.
Findings: The findings showed that staff nurses’ knowledge of CPR was divided into three categories: inadequate knowledge (13.3%), somewhat adequate knowledge (76.6%), and adequate knowledge (10%).
Asherson's disease is a rare autoimmune disorder. It affects the anticoagulation mechanism of blood. The exact cause of the disease is unknown but it may be due to antiphospholipid (APL) syndrome, hereditary, and gene transformation. This disease may affect all organs in the human body. There is no cure for the disease and no exact medicine has been identified. Supportive treatment is given to promote the betterment of the individual with Asherson's disease.
A variety of traumatic events can happen during childhood, adolescence, youth, and adulthood. Events that cause stress, and consequently perceived stress, occur at all stages of life and have an impact on health. Due to the transitional nature of college life, nursing students are more vulnerable to stress. Some people have the ability to bounce back more rapidly than others after a hard life event and find strength in the experience. Resilience is a dynamic process through which a person overcomes challenges in a healthy way. The overall perceived stress ratings go down when the resilience score is up. By strengthening their resilience, they will be better able to cope with challenges and adapt to their surroundings. Emphasizing resilience in nurses can help them better handle difficult situations.