Pondicherry Journal of Nursing

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Volume 14, Number 3, July-September 2021

EDITORIAL

Subhash C Parija

National Nutrition Week 2021: Feeding Smart Right from Start—Role of Nursing Professionals

[Year:2021] [Month:July-September] [Volume:14] [Number:3] [Pages:2] [Pages No:51 - 52]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13116  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Original Article

Geetha Chockalingam

Effectiveness of Information, Education, Communication Package on Knowledge Regarding Prevention of Road Traffic Accidents among High School Students in a Selected School at Puducherry

[Year:2021] [Month:July-September] [Volume:14] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:53 - 55]

Keywords: High school students, Knowledge, Prevention, Road traffic accident

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13112  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: School students are active youngsters who receive decreasing amounts of supervision from parents and other adults. They are more prone to accidents.1 The accident is unintended injury, death, or property damage occurring in a sequence of events. Accidents do not just happen; they are caused through thoughtlessness, carelessness, negligence, and a momentary lack of concentration.2 They have to be taught, trained, and sensitized to traffic rules and accidents. Objectives: (i) To assess the knowledge regarding prevention of road traffic accidents (RTAs) among high school students in a selected school at Puducherry; (ii) to assess the effectiveness of information, education, communication (IEC) package on knowledge regarding prevention of RTAs among high school students in a selected school at Puducherry; and (iii) to find out the association between knowledge scores with selected demographic variables. Methodology: Preexperimental one-group pretest–posttest design was adapted for this study. The simple random sampling technique was used to select the sample of 50 high school students. They were assessed by using IEC package on prevention of RTA. The data were analyzed in terms of both descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Major findings: The study finding revealed that out of 50 high school students, 36 (72%) of them had adequate knowledge, 14 (28%) of them had moderate knowledge, and 0 (0%) of them had inadequate knowledge regarding prevention of RTA. The analysis shows that the mode of transport is nearly associated with knowledge level, and the p-value is 0.975 among the high school students. Conclusion: The study results proved that IEC package on knowledge regarding prevention of RTA among high school students was highly effective. They will enable them to improve the awareness regarding the traffic rules, and it helps to reduce the RTA among school students.

Original Article

Ponnambalam Sumathy, Anand Raj, Annalatchumy Vengadasalam, Anusuya Munusamy, Aravindhan Raja, Arvinth Vinayagam, Jeeva Thangarassou, Kalaiselvi Kaliyaperumal, Kipa Dedey

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Over-the-counter Drugs Administration by Parents to Children in a Selected Community Area with a View to Develop an Information Module

[Year:2021] [Month:July-September] [Volume:14] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:56 - 58]

Keywords: Children, Informational module, Knowledge, Over-the-counter drugs, Parents, Practice, Self-medication

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13115  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction: The trend of providing drugs by parents to children on their own, that is, self-medication has been increasing in the developing countries as well as in the developed countries in the recent years. This practice is more disastrous in children where dosages vary with weight or body surface. There are many reasons offered by parents for self-medicating their children. This study was undertaken to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of over-the-counter drugs administration by parents to children and to determine the correlation between the variables. Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional community-based study was carried out among 50 mothers having children in the age-group between 2 and 12 years. A structured questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge, a five-point Likert scale to assess the attitude, and a three-point Likert scale to assess their practice. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The study findings revealed that the common illness the mothers used to treat was fever (48%) and the common drug that was used was antipyretics (56%). The first reason mentioned by the mother for self-medication was clinic too far away 22 (44%) and, secondly, due to heavy consultation fees 16 (32%). Most of the mothers had moderately adequate knowledge and 42 (84%) of the parents had irrational self-medication practice. A positive correlation was found between knowledge and attitude at p <0.01. Conclusion: Findings indicate a need to have routine continuous health education at the community level about the use of self-medications.

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Prabavathy Subramanian, K Renuka

A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Memory-enhancement Technique (MET) on Memory Retention among Second Year BSc Nursing Students in Kasturba Gandhi Nursing College at Puducherry

[Year:2021] [Month:July-September] [Volume:14] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:59 - 61]

Keywords: BSc Nursing students, Improving the memory retention, Memory-enhancement techniques

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13118  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: Memory is the faculty of the brain by which the data information is encoded, stored, and retrieved when needed. Although investigations into human memory have been occurring for over 100 years, the basic factors of memory are still not understood. Factors, such as attention, acquisition, encoding of material, rehearsal, experience, and retrieval, are important determinants of memory ability. Without memory, there can be no learning, but many students have never learned nor have been taught any methods for increasing their memory abilities. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of memory-enhancement techniques (METs) teaching on nursing students. Aims and objectives: To assess the memory retention among BSc Nursing second year students in a selected college at Puducherry, to evaluate the effectiveness of the memory-enhancement therapy in memory retention among BSc Nursing second year students at the college in Puducherry, and to associate the level of memory retention among BSc Nursing second year students with the selected demographic variables. Materials and methods: A preexperimental research design was adopted for the study. A sample of 95 students from second year BSc Nursing was selected by using a convenient sampling technique. The pretest level of memory retention was assessed by using a multifactorial memory questionnaire. After the implementation of METs, the posttest level of memory retention was again assessed by using a multifactorial memory questionnaire. Major findings: In pretest, out of 95 samples, the MMQ level, 4 (4.2%) had a below average, 69 (72.6%) had average, 14 (14.7) had above average, 5 (5.3%) had high, and 3 (3.2%) had very high MMQ level and in the posttest, 2 (2.1%) had below average, 54 (56.8%) had average, 18 (18.9%) had above average, 14 (14.7%) had high, and 7 (7.4%) had very high MMQ level. There was a significant difference between pretest and posttest levels of memory retention. Conclusion: The study proves that METs are highly effective for students for recalling and improving the memory retention. The subjects in the research group expressed more satisfaction on using METs.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Jaya Pradha Dhandapani, Venkateshvaran Ponnusamy

Constriction Ring Syndrome

[Year:2021] [Month:July-September] [Volume:14] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:62 - 65]

Keywords: Abnormalities, Congenital, Constriction ring syndrome, Malformation

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13104  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The inborn constriction ring syndrome (CRS) encloses collective anomalies that develop in various amalgamation, typically damaging the lower extremities (limbs) and hardly the head as well as trunk. This syndrome has an inherited limb deformities. These anomalies with a variety of diagnostic presentations were described by showing the partial to complete, inherit, fibrous, circumferential, constriction bands or rings on any parts of the body, even though a particular predilection for both upper and lower extremities is visible. The CRS incidence differs from one case in 1500–15,000 live births. Eighty percent of cases happen in digits and upper extremities. More than 90% presents in the region of distal to wrist area. The familial ratio is relatively low, and it is thought that there is no inborn involuntary component to this disease. The diagnostic measures regarding the CRS can be authenticated with the help of ultrasonography. The clinical features may be totally different, and also, it could be due to one or more manifestations. This can be validated at the end of the first trimester or at the beginning of the second trimester. The treatment commonly follows after birth and where plastic and reconstructive surgery is believed to treat the resulting deformation. Plastic surgery was classified from simple to complex based on the extent of the deformity. Physical and occupational therapy may be necessary for a prolonged period. Amniotic band syndrome is considered an accidental event, and it does not appear to be genetic or hereditary, so the likelihood of it occurring in another pregnancy is distant. The reason for amnion tearing is not known, and as such, there are no known prophylactic measures. Congenital CRS is of unknown etiology and can lead to morbidity in the newborn. The syndrome and its complications are controllable with corrective surgery with good outcomes. Early intervention is agreeable for successful results.

REVIEW ARTICLE

Jaya Pradha Dhandapani

Butterfly Children/Epidermolysis Bullosa

[Year:2021] [Month:July-September] [Volume:14] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:66 - 68]

Keywords: Blisters, Butterfly children, Epidermolysis bullosa, Skin

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13106  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Epidermolysis bullosa is a collection of a typical medical conditions that end in easy blistering of the skin and mucous membranes. Its severances can extent from mild to fatal. Children born with it are often called “butterfly children” because their skin seems as brittle as a butterfly wing. Epidermolysis bullosa was first identified in the late 1800s. Its association is with family of conditions called blistering diseases. There are the top five types of epidermolysis bullosa. Approximately 5,000 people have been affected by this disease in the UK. A positive family history raises the risk, based upon the type of inheritance and the closeness of affected relatives. All kinds of epidermolysis bullosa are genetic through the family so having a history of family or an impaired parent is a risk factor. Generally, signs of epidermolysis bullosa first arise in babies or toddlers. Painful skin and pustules are the major symptoms. Skin biopsy is prime. To make the diagnosis, immunofluorescence is necessary and also electromicroscopy. Treatment option includes minimizing friction, effusing blisters, maintaining a cool temperature, recognizing the signs of infection and maintaining a proper diet. The complications are anemia, oral cavities constipation, dehydration, dry skin, eye problem, infection, malnutrition, and skin cancer.

REVIEW ARTICLE

R Iniyaval, V Poongodi, K Renuka

Cyborg Babies: A Bane to Human Beings

[Year:2021] [Month:July-September] [Volume:14] [Number:3] [Pages:2] [Pages No:69 - 70]

Keywords: Cyborg baby, Plastics, Pregnancy

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13107  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Microplastics are particles smaller than 5 mm that form as plastic objects in the environment degradation. Microplastics may be transferred from the atmosphere to living animals, such as mammals. Six human placentas were obtained from consenting women with physiological pregnancies and examined using Raman microspectroscopy to see whether microplastics were present. In total, 12 spherical or irregularly shaped microplastic fragments (ranging in size from 5 to 10 mm) were found in four placentas (five on the fetal side, four on the maternal side, and three in the chorioamniotic membranes). The morphology and chemical composition of all microplastic particles were studied. All of them were pigmented; three of them were identified as stained polypropylene, a thermoplastic polymer, while the other nine could only be identified by their pigments. Many of them were used in coatings, oils, adhesives, plasters, finger paints, polymers, cosmetics, and personal care products.

View Point

Chris Thomas

My Call on COVID Duty: An Experience of a Nurse Teacher

[Year:2021] [Month:July-September] [Volume:14] [Number:3] [Pages:2] [Pages No:71 - 72]

Keywords: COVID-19, Health personnel, Nurses, Nursing teacher

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13114  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

COVID-19 outbreak brought all the health personnel together to serve the community. Like so many health workers around the world, nurses too were called to the battlefront. I being a nursing teacher express my first experience during COVID duty, which was a challenging task, yet it helped me to build my capacity and competencies.

View Point

N Ananthakrishnan

The Throes of COVID Melancholia

[Year:2021] [Month:July-September] [Volume:14] [Number:3] [Pages:1] [Pages No:73 - 73]

Keywords: Coronavirus, Job loss, Lockdowns, Vaccines

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13117  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The human mankind faced a miserable life due to the ignorance and wrath of the coronavirus. The imposition of lockdowns and restrictions led to job loss and global recessions. A ray of hope after the first wave was due to the vaccine\'s arrival, but yet there was hesitancy due to suspicions and rumors. The virus had come back with full vigor during the second wave with countless pyres burned. The country faced a severe crisis in terms of a shortage of vaccines, drugs, beds, and oxygen. Still, it is not known when this would end—all will be well only when the human mankind works as one.

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