Caretaker empowerment module, Mothers of visually disabled children, Special school
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13132 |
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Natarajan NN, Bamalakshmi J, Renuka K, Chandra T. Effectiveness of Caretaker Empowerment Module Regarding Care of Visually Disabled Children on Knowledge and Practice among Mothers in Selected Special School at Puducherry. 2022; 15 (2):27-29.
Background: Visually impaired children are one of society's most neglected and disenfranchised groups. This study aims to improve the knowledge and practice regarding care of visually disabled children by teaching the caretaker empowerment module (CEM) among mothers of visually disabled children. Aims and objective: To assess the level of knowledge and practice of CEM regarding care of visually disabled children among mothers of visually disabled children, to evaluate the effectiveness of CEM on knowledge and practice regarding care of visually disabled children, and to associate the selected demographic variables with knowledge and practice of CEM. Materials and methods: Quantitative research approach was used for this study. Sixty samples (30 in control group and 30 in experimental group) were selected using a purposive sampling technique with nonrandomization. Caretaker empowerment module was taught to experimental group, and no intervention was given to control groups. A structured questionnaire regarding care of visually disabled children among mothers of visually disabled children was used. Result: This study reveals that CEM has high statistical significance in improving knowledge and practice among mothers of visually disabled children at p-value <0.0001. Conclusion: According to the findings, CEM was helpful in enhancing mothers’ knowledge and practice of caring for children with visually impairments.
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13139 |
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Soyam D, Rawat V, Parashar AK. Knowledge and Practice Regarding Plotting of Partograph in Staff Nurses in Order to Develop and Administer a Need Based on the Job Training Program. 2022; 15 (2):30-32.
A partograph is one of the important tools to monitor the progress of labor and is also helpful for managing labor. Therefore, it should be used for all women during the first stage of labor admitted to a labor room. Partograph is needed for observations of the mother and fetus and also assists in early decision-making in the intranatal period, such as transfer, augmentation, and termination of labor. Aim of the study: The study was aimed to assess the knowledge and practice regarding the plotting of partograph. Materials and methods: The nonexperimental descriptive design was used for the study. Thirty staff nurses were selected by nonprobability purposive sampling technique. A structured knowledge questionnaire and practice checklist were used for data collection. Results of the study: The results revealed that the majority (53.3%; n = 16) of respondents were having average knowledge score, whereas 43.3% (13) of respondents had good knowledge scores, and only 3.3% (1) of respondents had a poor level of knowledge on partograph. Moreover, 70% (21) of respondents have inadequate practice, and 30% (9) of respondents have adequate practice. Conclusion: This study concluded that staff nurse has average knowledge regarding partograph but practicing plotting of partograph. Clinical significance: This study shows that staff nurses were having an adequate knowledge regarding partograph but do not adequately practicing the plotting of partograph. Therefore, it can use as a tool to monitor labor and prevent unnecessary problems for mothers and fetuses by reducing the total duration of labor.
Background: Immobility refers to the inability to move about freely. The actual impact of immobilization causes various complications involving multiple systems in our body. The goals of orthopedic surgery are as follows: to improve the patient's body functions, to restore movement and stability, to relieve pain and disability, and to improve sleep. Aims and objectives: (i) To assess the quality of sleep among postoperative orthopedic patients. (ii) To assess the effectiveness of passive range-of-motion exercises on quality of sleep among postoperative orthopedic patients. (iii) To associate the quality of sleep among postoperative orthopedic patients with their selected demographic variables. Materials and methods: The study used a quantitative research approach and a pre-experimental (one-group, pre- and post-test) design. Thirty patients who had undergone major orthopedic surgery were chosen using a purposive sampling technique from the orthopedic and postoperative wards at MGMCRI in Puducherry. The Groningen Quality of Sleep Score (GOS, 17) scale was used to assess sleep quality in pre- and post-test orthopedic patients, along with passive range-of-motion exercises as an intervention. Results: The mean sleep quality before and after the test was 9.63 and 3.33, respectively. The obtained p-value p <0.001 was highly significant. As a result, the results show that passive range-of-motion exercises were extremely effective in improving sleep quality in postoperative orthopedic patients. Conclusion: The study findings revealed that passive range-of-motion exercises show empirical evidence of having improved quality of sleep among postoperative orthopedic patients. Thus, it is also highly effective and can be easily performed by all postoperative orthopedic patients.
Background: The quality of sleep and sleep difficulties are highly frequent in cancer patients, whether or not they are linked to various medical illnesses. Cancer diagnosis and treatment can cause sleep disruptions or aggravate pre-existing sleep issues. More than half of cancer patients experience sleep disturbances, according to studies using quantitative and qualitative sleep parameters. The aim of the study was to evaluate the quality of sleep among cancer survivors. Methods and materials: The keywords “sleep,” “sleep quality,” “cancer patients,” “cancer survivors,” and “quality of sleep” were used to search databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, Academia, Open Access, Directory of Open Access Journals), which resulted in 110 research studies. The studies were sorted based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and consequently, 15 articles were chosen for the main analysis. Results: It was found that most of the studies used a prospective and survey research design. The mean age of the samples was in the range of 25–60. The majority of the studies used the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index scale (PSQI). All studies arrive at the same conclusion that quality of sleep is deprived in cancer survivors.
Fitz–Hugh–Curtis syndrome (FHCS) is a rare disorder that occurs almost exclusively in women. It is characterized by inflammation of the membrane lining the stomach (peritoneum) and the tissues surrounding the liver (perihepatitis). The muscle that separates the stomach from the chest (diaphragm), which plays an essential role in breathing, may also be affected. The United States experiences 750,000 cases of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) each year. Fitz–Hugh–Curtis syndrome is an uncommon manifestation of PID involving around 4% of adolescents. Common symptoms include severe pain in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen, fever, chills, headaches, and a general feeling of poor health (malaise). In some cases, antibiotic therapy may not provide relief of symptoms and a surgical procedure known as a laparotomy may be performed.
The monkeypox virus is a dual-stranded DNA virus that infects humans and other animals. It originally belonged to the Orthopoxvirus genus and the Poxviridae family. It is a human Orthopoxvirus, along with variola, cowpox, and vaccinia viruses. It is neither a progenitor nor a successor of the variola virus, which causes smallpox. Monkeypox is similar to smallpox but has a milder rash and a lesser mortality rate.
Cystic hygroma is a malformation of the lymph that presents in various parts of the body, the regions are neck, axilla, abdominal cavity, mediastinum, and peritoneal region. However, cystic hygroma is a benign lesion. Communication is prevented due to complete or incomplete obstruction of the venous system that causes lymphangioma. Lymphangiomas are often associated with chromosomal abnormalities such as Down's syndrome and Turner syndrome. Lymphangiomas are noted at 2 years of age. Cystic hygroma can be detected in utero and the treatment of cystic hygroma consists of the administration of sclerosing agent, antibiotic, and surgical excision should be performed to completely remove the lymphangiomas.