Pregnancy induced hypertension is considered high risk when the potential complications that could affect the mother or fetus or both. Pregnancy induced hypertension is estimated to affect 7% to 10% of all pregnancies. This is a major cause of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity.1 The objectives of the study was, to assess the prevalence of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension, to find out the contributing factors of pregnancy induced hypertension. A retrospective descriptive research design was adopted for the study. All case sheets of pregnancy induced hypertension from Jan-Dec 2016 were selected from Medical Record Department by convenient sampling technique. The required information was collected from the records. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics. The result revealed that the prevalence was found to be 35 (2.51%) out 1392 women admitted in obstetrical unit. Out of the 35 women, 32 (92%) had gestational hypertension and 3 (8%) had chronic hypertension.
Background: Cancer is a uncontrollable growth of cells that invade and cause damage to surrounding tissues. Worldwide, oral cancer is the sixth most common cancer, representing about 5.5% of all malignancies and approximately 2% of all cancer death.
Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of high risk people on prevention of oral cancer, to determine the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge, attitude and practice of high risk people on prevention of oral cancer, to associate the selected demographic variables with knowledge, attitude and practice of high risk people on prevention of oral cancer, to correlate the knowledge, attitude and practice of high risk people on prevention of oral cancer.
Methods: Quasi experimental research design (one group pre-test and post-test). 50 samples were selected through purposive sampling technique who met the inclusion criteria. After pre-test structured teaching programme on Prevention of Oral Cancer was provided through lecture cum discussion
Results: Findings revealed that in pre-test majority 48 (78.3%) of the high risk people had inadequate knowledge and most of them were 10(16.7%) had unfavorable attitude, whereas in the post-test 36(60%) of them had moderately adequate knowledge and none of them had neutral attitude. There is significant difference (p<0.001) found in knowledge attitude and practice of high risk people after the structured teaching programme.
Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that the structured teaching programme is statistically effective in improving knowledge attitude and practice of high risk people on prevention of oral cancer. This study will help to motivate the high risk people in society to prevent themselves and others from oral cancer.
Prof. Annie Annal M,
Uma Maheswar R,
Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer among women regardless of race and ethnicity. Worldwide 10 million new cases of invasive cancer are diagnosed each year. 10% arise in the breast, which makes it the second most common site of malignant neoplasm after lung (WHO 2001). In India, for the year 2012, about 144,937 women were newly detected with breast cancer and 70,218 women died of breast cancer. The burden of breast cancer in India (18.5%) is increasing. The peak occurrence in developed countries are above the age of 50 whereas in India it is above the age of 40. Descriptive research design was adopted for this study. The population of the study was Women in the age between 40 -60 yrs, residing seliamedu village Puducherry. 7 women with high risk factors of Breast Cancer were undergone Mammogram to confirm the diagnosis of Breast cancer. The data were analyzed through descriptive statistics. The present study revealed that among 200 women, seven women were suspected with high risk factors and out of that seven, two women were diagnosed as breast cancer with the help of Mammogram-the confirmatory diagnostic measure.
Aim: This Study aims to assess the effectiveness of Anger Management Therapy on anger behaviour among alcohol dependents in Bharatha Matha Deaddiction Centre, Puducherry.
Materials and Methods: Quasi-experimental research design with pre-test and post-test was adopted. Thirty samples residing at Bharatha Matha Deaddiction Centre, Ariyankuppam, Puducherry were selected by using Purposive sampling technique. The data were collected through interview method and pre-test data collection was done by using anger behaviour response questionnaire. 30 samples were divided into five groups (6 in each group) and Anger Management Therapy was administered for the duration of 15-20 minutes daily for 7 days and the post-test was conducted. The data were analyzed in terms of using paired‘t’ test and Mann - whitney test.
Result: The study showed that the pre-test mean score was 37.2 and standard deviation is 11.2 and in the post-test mean score was 43.8 and standard deviation was 9.7736. and p-value was 0.02 and this study reveals that Anger Management Therapy is statistically significant in reduction of anger behavior among alcohol dependents.
Disasters are sudden catastrophic events that disrupt patterns of life and property in addition to multiple injuries. India is one of the most disaster prone countries in the world, affecting over all 85% of Indian land and more than 50 million people thus far. This study was aimed to assess the effectiveness of awareness program on disaster management among the members of the youth club in Pillaiyarkuppam Puducherry, 40 samples were selected by using purposive sampling technique and Quasi-experimental design (One group Pre-test- Post-test design) was adopted for the study. The study result shows that the pre- test mean score was 11.85 with the standard deviation 3.12 and in the post-test mean score was increased about 32.5 with standard deviation of 5.03 and p-value<0.001**. The pre- test and post-test mean difference for knowledge was 11.85, 32.5 respectively. Thus there is a significant difference between pre-test and post- test score knowledge on Disaster management. Hence there is a significant improvement in post-test level of knowledge, hence it is highly effective.
Organ donation is a genuine way of saving the life of others. Organ donation should be seen as the gift of life. But people are having very less knowledge regarding organ donation. The objectives were to assess the knowledge, attitude and willingness regarding organ donation, to associate knowledge and attitude on organ donation with selected. Demographic variables such as gender, religion, educational status, residence and occupation among care givers of patients. A cross sectional design was used. A total of 300 samples were selected by using convenient sampling technique. The result of the study revealed 181(60%) had inadequate knowledge and 98(33%) had moderately adequate knowledge and 21(7%) had adequate knowledge about organ donation. The level of attitude of the subject 288(96%) of them had favourable attitude and 12(4%) of them had unfavourable attitude. Regarding willingness 123(41%) of care givers were willing to donate the organ, 177(59%) not willing to donate the organ. There was a significant association of knowledge and attitude between demographic variables such as residence, educational status and occupation (p<0.001).
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder where people feel the need to check things repeatedly, perform certain routines repeatedly (called “rituals”), or have certain thoughts repeatedly (called “obsessions”). Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a debilitating neuropsychiatric disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 2 to 3 percent and is estimated to be the 10th leading cause of disability in the world. People are unable to control either the thoughts or the activities for more than a short period of time. Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) was once thought to be extremely rare, but recent epidemiological studies have shown it to be the fourth most common psychiatric disorder (after substance abuse, specific phobias, and major depression). OCD is often a chronic disorder that produces significant morbidity when not properly diagnosed and treated. The mainstay of treatment includes cognitive behavioral therapy and medication management.
CHARGE syndrome is a disorder that affects many areas of the body. CHARGE is an abbreviation for several of the features common in the disorder: coloboma, heart defects, atresia choanae (also known as choanal atresia), growth retardation, genital abnormalities, and ear abnormalities. The pattern of malformations varies among individuals with this disorder, and the multiple health problems can be life-threatening in infancy. Affected individuals usually have several major characteristics or a combination of major and minor characteristics.
Ms. Priyalatha G,
Prof. Rajeswari S,
Ms. Saranya S
Inborn errors of metabolism are a large group of hereditary biochemical disease in which specific gene mutations cause abnormal (or) missing proteins that lead to alter function. Inborn error of metabolism occurs from a group a rare genetic disorder in which the body cannot metabolize food components normally. Here we report a case of L2 Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, a rare inherited genetic disorder that affects TCA cycle and the child presented with typical symptoms such as seizure, hypotonia and global developmental delay.1
The woman\'s reproductive experience begins with menarche, extends through fertility for twenty to forty years, enters the climacteric (including perimenopause), and finally the reproductive experience ends with menopause. During menstrual cycle many women experience with Premenstrual syndrome which occurs during the luteal phase. Both the conditions are due to altered estrogen and progesterone ratio. These conditions can be treated with vitamins and hormonal supplements, but it has lot of side - effects due to hormonal replacement therapy. Many complementary and alternative therapies like herbs are useful for relieving premenstrual and menopausal symptoms.
Ethics refers to the rules or standards governing the conduct of individuals or members of a profession. The four cardinal principles of medical ethics provide a frame work foe decision making in difficult situation include Respect for patient\'s autonomy, Beneficence or ‘do good’, Non maleficence or ‘do no harm’, Justice or fare use of available resources., Practical application of ethics in palliative care. Interaction with patient and family with honest and clear information sharing is the key to ethical decision making. Ethical principles are useful only as a broad guideline for patient care. What is important is to apply it on an individual basis. Compassion and common sense should be combined with professional knowledge and skill. While applying ethical principles one should communicate well with the patient as well as the cares.