Pondicherry Journal of Nursing

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2019 | April-June | Volume 12 | Issue 2

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Original Article

Susheela Indu

A Comparative Study to Assess the Knowledge Regarding Food Adulteration and its Detection and to Create Awareness among Homemakers in Selected Rural and Urban Community of Durg District, Chhattisgarh

[Year:2019] [Month:April-June] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:7] [Pages No:31 - 37]

Keywords: Food adulteration, Homemakers

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12112  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Aims: The objectives of the study were (1) to identify the sociodemographic variables of rural and urban groups of homemakers, (2) to assess the knowledge of rural and urban homemakers regarding food adulteration and its detection, (3) to compare the knowledge of rural and urban homemakers regarding food adulteration and its detection, (4) to associate knowledge of the rural and urban homemakers regarding food adulteration and its detection with the selected sociodemographic variables, (5) to assess the buying practices and awareness regarding food safety standard symbols among rural and urban homemakers, and (6) to create awareness regarding food adulterants through group demonstration by detecting food adulterants in the selected food items. Methods: A quantitative research approach and a non-experimental descriptive comparative survey design were used. Results: The findings of the study revealed that among rural homemakers 15 (50%) had poor knowledge; 8 (26.66%) had average knowledge; 6 (20%) had good knowledge; and 1 (3.33%) had excellent knowledge, whereas among urban homemakers 14 (46.66%) had poor knowledge; 7 (23.33%) had average knowledge; 7 (23.33%) had good knowledge; and 2 (6.66%) had excellent knowledge. “t” test revealed that there was no significant difference in mean scores of knowledge of rural and urban homemakers regarding food adulteration and its detection. Conclusion: Appropriate knowledge regarding food adulteration, its detection, and consumer protection is an important component of public health because good nutrition benefits to everyone. A better informed public, supported by effective health information, would help people to make better food choices and prevent food-borne illnesses. Food safety and development of quality are joint responsibility of health professionals and consumers, and hence community health nurses play a crucial role in creating awareness among general public.


Original Article

Ariraman Praimathi, Surendran Raju

Effectiveness of Localized Basal Expansion Technique vs Chest Manipulation Technique on Improving Respiratory Status among Patients with Lower Respiratory Tract Disorders at MGMCRI, Puducherry: A Comparative Study

[Year:2019] [Month:April-June] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:38 - 41]

Keywords: Chest manipulation technique, Localized basal expansion technique, Lower respiratory tract disorders, Respiratory status

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12113  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Background: Oxygen is very much important for the human body. Oxygen plays a vital role in breathing processes and in the metabolism of the living organism. The primary purpose of respiratory system is gas exchange which involves the transfer of oxygen and carbon dioxide that are passively exchanged by a diffusion process between the gaseous external environment and the blood. The exchange processes occurs in the alveolar region of the lungs. The respiratory system enables to produce energy by supplying the body with a continuous oxygen supply. It is also responsible for eliminating carbon dioxide, which is an end product of cell metabolism, whereas oxygen is necessary for human respiration. Materials and methods: A quantitative research approach was used for this study. The research design used for this study is an experimental research design. This study was conducted in MGMCRI, Puducherry. The population of this study was 60 (30 local basal expansion technique and 30 chest manipulation technique) and was selected by using a simple random sampling technique (randomization with lottery method). The data were collected through a structured questionnaire consisting of part A and part B. Part A consists of sociodemographic data, and part B consists of rating scale to assess the respiratory status. Results: Discussion on the finding was arranged based on the objective of this study. This study revealed that out of 30 samples, 23 (76.6%) of them had poor respiratory status, 7 (23.3%) of them had very poor respiratory status, and none of them had good respiratory status in pretest, whereas in posttest, 19 (63.3%) of them were in good respiratory status, 11 (36.6%) of them were in poor respiratory status, and none of them were in very poor respiratory status for the localized basal expansion technique. This finding revealed that out of 30 samples, 21 (70%) of them had poor respiratory status, 9 (30%) of them had very poor respiratory status, and none of them had good respiratory status in pretest, whereas in posttest, 26 (86.6%) of them were in good respiratory status, 4 (13.3%) of them were in poor respiratory status, and none of them were in very poor respiratory status for the chest manipulation technique. Conclusion: This study implies that when compared with the localized basal expansion technique, the chest manipulation technique was effective in improving the respiratory status among patients with respiratory disorders.


Original Article

Effectiveness of Epsom Salt with Hot Water Application on Knee Joint Pain among Elderly in a Selected Rural Area at Puducherry

[Year:2019] [Month:April-June] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:42 - 45]

Keywords: Elderly, Epsom salt, Hot water application, Knee pain, Osteoarthritis

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12117  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease of cartilage degradation, which results pain in major joints, especially in knee joint. Globally, OA ranks eighth in all diseases and covers around 15% proportions among all musculoskeletal problems. Background: Osteoarthritis is a disease of the cartilage which leads to degradation and results in pain in the major joints, especially in the knee joints. Knee joint pain is the most frequent complaint among the geriatric population. The objectives of this study were to assess the level of pain in knee joint among elderly, to evaluate the effectiveness of hot water application with Epsom salt on knee joint pain among elderly, and to find out the association between the level of pain in knee joint and selected demographic variables. Materials and methods: A preexperimental research design was adopted for this study. This study was conducted among elderly aged above 60 years residing in T.N. Palayam. In total, 29 samples of elderly aged above 60 years residing in T.N. Palayam were selected based on the purposive sampling technique. The demographic data were collected from the elderly and then the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) oesteoarthritis rating scale was used to assess the degree of pain. Results: The result revealed that out of 29 samples, pretest mean score level of pain was 2.93 with the standard deviation of 0.593, whereas after implementation of Epsom salt with hot water application, the posttest mean pain score was 2.17 with the standard deviation of 0.384. The effectiveness was statistically tested by paired t test which was found to be highly statistically significant at p less than 0.001.


Original Article

M Nandhini, Surendran Raju

A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Educational Interventions Regarding Protection against Digital Abuse on Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice among Adolescents in Puducherry

[Year:2019] [Month:April-June] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:46 - 49]

Keywords: Adolescents, Attitude, Digital abuse, Educational intervention, Knowledge, Practice

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12114  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Background: Digital abuse happens when children and adolescents use mobile phones, networking, social, and other communication media to threaten or aggressively abuse someone. Digital abuse starts with few text messages per day, which can turn into hundreds. The abusers look for things like the passwords of other person and intimate photos. Abusers may spread rumors, pretend to be someone else, or even blackmail. In most cases, the abuse is very sensitive and emotional. Materials and methods: A quasi-experimental research design with quantitative approach was used for the study. The systematic random sampling was used to select 100 adolescents for the study. The pretest data were conducted by using a structured questionnaire for knowledge, a rating scale for attitude, and a checklist for practice. On the same day, educational interventions were given to 25 students from the list of students put in an alphabetical order. Each session consists of 1-hour structured teaching session, which includes PowerPoint presentation, videos, and pamphlet distribution regarding digital abuse and its protective measures. After 1 week, the knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding protection against digital abuse were assessed by using the same structured questionnaire for knowledge, rating scale for attitude, checklist for practice, and the posttest was conducted. Results: The study findings revealed that mean knowledge was 7.72 and 16.73, respectively, with standard deviation 2.948 and 4.778 in pre- and posttest, which was found highly statistically significant at the p < 0.001 level. In attitude, mean was 47.26 and 57.29 in pre- and posttest, respectively, with standard deviation 4.627 and 7.616, which was found highly statistically significant at the p < 0.001 level. In practice, mean was 6.28 and 7.44 in pre- and posttest, respectively, with standard deviation 1.944 and 1.766, which was found highly statistically significant at the p < 0.001 level. Also, there is a strong relationship between knowledge, attitude, and practice among adolescents. Conclusion: Educational interventions were effective in improving the knowledge, attitude, and good practice of adolescents on protection against digital abuse.



Kounassegarane Deepika

Case Report on Bipolar Affective Disorder: Mania with Psychotic Symptoms

[Year:2019] [Month:April-June] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:50 - 51]

Keywords: Bipolar disorder, Delusion, Ecstasy, Elation, Hallucination, Mania, Psychosis

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12115  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) is a major psychiatric disorder all around the world, which is mainly characterized by frequent and recurrent episodes of mania, hypomania, and depression. A majority of complete etiology or pathogenesis of BPAD is unknown. Mania occurs for a period of 1 week or more where the affected individual may experience a change in normal behavior that drastically affects their normal functioning. The defining characteristics of mania are alteration in mood (elation and ecstasy), increased talkativeness, rapid speech, sleep disturbance, racing thoughts, increase in their goal-directed activity, increased psychomotor activity, and poor insight. Some other major signs and symptoms of mania are an elevated or expansive mood, mood changes, impulsive behavior, irritability, and grandiose ideas. The manic episode usually presents with psychotic features, which may include delusions and hallucinations. Those persons are highly intended to respond to outsiders for their psychosis as well as for their manic episode, which is mainly noticed by others, including each member of the family, friends, and even strangers. Rapid cycling of the bipolar disorder is defined as the individual may present with at least four or more episodes of mood changes for a period of 12 months.



J Bamalakshmi

RAMBA: Wearable Pneumatic Leg Compression Device

[Year:2019] [Month:April-June] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:52 - 53]

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12116  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 



Panneerselvam Rajaveni

Cabbage Leaves: An Intervention for Breast Engorgement

[Year:2019] [Month:April-June] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:54 - 55]

Keywords: Breast engorgement, Cabbage leaves, Intervention

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12119  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Motherhood is the only act that manifests in human forms the cosmic wonder of creation. Many mothers are seeking unique bonding experiences between them and their infants through breastfeeding. Breast engorgement is a painful and unpleasant condition that affects large numbers of women in the early postnatal period. About 72–85% of women are affected with breast engorgement. In India, 20% of primipara mothers are affected. Over the years, numerous strategies have been employed for the treatment of this problem such as kangaroo mother care, application of cabbage leaves, hot and cold compresses, and gentle breast massage. Cabbage leaves have both anti-irritant and antibiotic properties, which help in dilating local blood capillaries, promoting the blood supply to the breast tissues, improving milk ejection, and alleviating engorgement symptoms.



Mani Vijayanandh

VYEPTI (eptinezumab-jjmr) Intravenous Drug as a Preventive Treatment of Migraine

[Year:2019] [Month:April-June] [Volume:12] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:56 - 57]

Keywords: Calcitonin gene-related peptide, Migraine, Monoclonal antibody, VYEPTI

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12118  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Migraine occurs due to vasodilation of enzyme named calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and it binds to the receptors causing vasodilation. VYEPTI is a new intravenous drug for migraine and can be used as a preventive treatment. It is a monoclonal antibody that blocks CGRP binding to the receptor, and hence stopping vasodilation. Individuals with migraine will have to take this injection once in 3 months.


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