Pondicherry Journal of Nursing

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2019 | July-September | Volume 12 | Issue 3

EDITORIAL

Subhash C Parija

Empower Parents: Enable Breastfeeding

[Year:2019] [Month:July-September] [Volume:12] [Number:3] [Pages:1] [Pages No:59 - 59]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12135  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Original Article

Srinivasan Saranya

Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Program on the Home Care Management of Preterm Babies among Postnatal Mothers of Hospitalized Preterm Babies in the Institute of Child Health, Egmore, Tamil Nadu

[Year:2019] [Month:July-September] [Volume:12] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:60 - 62]

Keywords: Planned teaching program,Care of preterm babies, Postnatal mothers

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12120  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background and objectives: Premature infants (born before 32 weeks of gestation excluding extremely preterm babies) are at greater risk of short- and long-term complications, including disabilities and impediments in growth and mental development. Significant progress has been made in the care of premature infants, but still there is a need to give more attention at home to the special aspects of care of these babies. The study aimed to assess the effectiveness of planned teaching program on the home care management of preterm babies among postnatal mothers. Materials and methods: A quantitative research approach is adopted with the pre-experimental (one group pretest–posttest only) research design and a purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample of 60 postnatal mothers who have hospitalized their preterm babies (born before 32 weeks of gestation excluding extremely preterm babies) in the Institute of Child Health, Egmore. The pretest was conducted by using a structured questionnaire, and the planned teaching program (power point) was implemented to postnatal mothers regarding the home care management of preterm babies. The posttest was conducted after 7 days of pretest. Results: The results show the effectiveness of planned teaching program on the home care management of preterm babies among postnatal mothers between the pretest and posttest, and the p value was highly significant at the p < 0.001 level. Conclusion: The planned teaching program on the home care management of preterm babies among postnatal mothers was implied to be effective.

Original Article

Umamaheswari Ramesh, K Renuka

Effectiveness of Game Learning vs Lecture Method on Knowledge Regarding Biomedical Waste Management among BSc Nursing First-year Students in Kasturba Gandhi Nursing College at Puducherry, India

[Year:2019] [Month:July-September] [Volume:12] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:63 - 67]

Keywords: Biomedical waste management, Game learning, Knowledge, Lecture method

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12128  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: According to Biomedical Waste (management and handling) Rules, 1998, of India, “Any waste which is generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals or in research activities pertaining thereto or in the production or testing of biological material.” The World Health Organization states that 85% of hospital wastes are actually nonhazardous, whereas 10% are infectious and 5% are noninfectious but they are included in hazardous wastes. The objectives of the study was to assess the level of knowledge on biomedical waste (BMW) management, to evaluate the effectiveness of game learning and lecture method on BMW management and to compare the effectiveness of game learning vs. the lecture method on BMW management among BSc nursing first-year students. Materials and methods: The quantitative research approach, true experimental research design was adopted for the study. The study was conducted among BSc nursing first-year students at Kasturba Gandhi Nursing College, Puducherry. Totally, 90 samples were selected with 45 each in group I and group II by the random sampling technique (lottery method). The demographic data and the structured knowledge questionnaire on BMW management were collected from the students. Results: The result revealed that, in group I, the pre- and posttest mean values were 9.47 and 21, respectively, and standard deviation values were 2.51 and 3.15, respectively. In group II, the pre- and posttest mean values were 9.49 and 18.89, respectively, and standard deviation values were 2.48 and 4.47, respectively. While comparing pretest and posttest according to the Mann–Whitney test, the pretest value was 0.042 and the p value was 0.966, and the posttest value was 2.589 and the p value was 0.011. While comparing group I and group II, the obtained Wilcoxon (t test) values were 23.444 and 15.579. It indicates that there was a variation in the level of knowledge in group I and group II. It shows that game learning was effective than the lecture method of the level of knowledge. Conclusion: The study findings reveal that game learning (p < 0.001) was effective than the lecture method on the level of knowledge regarding BMW management among BSc nursing first-year students. It indicates that there was a variation in the level of knowledge in group I and group II. It shows that game learning was more effective than the lecture method on the level of knowledge.

Original Article

Rajalakshmi Rajaraman

Effectiveness of Fenugreek (Seeds) Powder Administration in Reduction of Blood Glucose Level among Patients with Type-II Diabetes Mellitus at Pillaiyarkuppam, Puducherry

[Year:2019] [Month:July-September] [Volume:12] [Number:3] [Pages:2] [Pages No:68 - 69]

Keywords: Assess, Effectiveness, Fenugreek seed powder

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12122  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background and objectives: Diabetes has emerged as a major healthcare problem in India and Puducherry. It is estimated that every fifth person with diabetes will be an Indian, which is due to adopting a negative lifestyle. The study aimed to assess the effectiveness of fenugreek (seeds) powder administration in reduction of blood glucose level among type-II diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. Materials and methods: A quantitative research approach was adopted with the pre-experimental (one group pretest–posttest only) research design, and the purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample and the structured questionnaire was used to collect the data from 40 samples with type-II DM at Pillaiyarkuppam, Puducherry. The pretest glucose analysis was conducted by using a glucometer. The posttest was conducted after 2 weeks of intervention. Results: The result proves that there is an effectiveness in fenugreek seed powder administration between the pretest and posttest, the p value was highly significant at p < 0.001 level. Conclusion: It was implied that the fenugreek seeds that are easily available, cheap of cost, and used in treatment of type-II DM, help in cost-effective management of this chronic disease.

Original Article

Jayanthi Babu, M Annie Annal, K Renuka

Effectiveness of Hand Massage vs Foot Massage for Pain in Incision Site among Post-cesarean Mothers Admitted in Obstetrical Care Units at Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Puducherry

[Year:2019] [Month:July-September] [Volume:12] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:70 - 73]

Keywords: Foot massage, Hand massage, Pain in incision site, Post-cesarean mothers

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12124  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background: Cesarean section is the most frequently performed surgery worldwide. Massage is one of the cheapest and cost-effective methods to reduce pain among post-cesarean mothers. Materials and methods: In this study, a true experimental research design was used. The population of the study was post-cesarean mothers during first postoperative day. A sample of 90 post-cesarean mothers was selected by using a simple random sampling technique, with 30 mothers in each group: group I received hand massage, group II received foot massage, and group III (control group) received daily routine care. Pre- and posttest pain levels were assessed by using a numerical pain rating scale. The duration of intervention was 20 minutes for two times at an interval of 60 minutes. Result: Hand massage and foot massage were effective on post-cesarean mothers in both group I and group II. Upon comparing the effectiveness of hand massage and foot massage, it was statistically significant at p < 0.001. The study finding reveals that foot massage was effective in reducing pain among post-cesarean mothers. Conclusion: Thus, the study concludes that foot massage is effective in reducing pain in the incision site among post-cesarean mothers. Therefore, the health professionals must explore alternative approaches to provide better care.

CLINICAL TECHNIQUE

Surendran Raju, K Renuka

Sukha-electrical Steam Inhaler

[Year:2019] [Month:July-September] [Volume:12] [Number:3] [Pages:2] [Pages No:74 - 75]

Keywords: Inhaler, Lower respiratory tract disorders, Respiratory outcome, Steam inhalation

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12126  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

The present invention is a “Sukha-electrical Steam Inhaler” which can be used instead of the existing Nelson\'s Steam Inhaler in clinical setting to facilitate good steam inhalation for promoting good respiratory outcome.

REVIEW ARTICLE

S Nandhini, Kripa Angeline, K Renuka

Neurological Disturbances and Self-extraction Behavior: A Review

[Year:2019] [Month:July-September] [Volume:12] [Number:3] [Pages:2] [Pages No:76 - 77]

Keywords: Agitation, Neurological disturbances, Self-extraction behavior

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12125  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Neurological disturbance describes the sudden onset of aggressive and violent behavior and autonomic dysfunction, typically in the setting of acute on chronic drug abuse or serious mental illness. It is mainly associated with delirium, dementia, and other behavioral disorders which are also collectively known as acute behavioral disturbances (ABD). Self-extraction behavior is common among patients admitted with neurological disturbances associated with certain medical and surgical disorders. The clinical characteristics of self-extraction behavior are pulling out of tubes, IV lines, interrupting medical treatment, and interfering with nursing procedures. Research literature was reviewed with regard to self-extraction behavior and its associated factors. A literature search was conducted with the following search terms, keywords, and phrases: self-extraction behavior and neurological disturbances. Totally 25 articles were reviewed by using the databases such as PubMed and Google Scholar, based on the criteria of clinical variables, demographic variables and self-extraction behavior. A considerable debate exists regarding the influencing factors for self-extraction behavior in patients with neurological disturbances. From this review, we infer that there are various contributing factors which influence the increased prevalence of self-extraction behavior among patients with neurological disturbances. The identified contributing factors are associated with clinical variables of patients. Research literature supports the necessity for understanding the associated risk factors for self-extraction behavior.

REVIEW ARTICLE

M Malarmathi, K Renuka

Electrical Oxygen-compressed Cold Application Cuff on Pain among Patients with Musculoskeletal Disorders

[Year:2019] [Month:July-September] [Volume:12] [Number:3] [Pages:2] [Pages No:78 - 79]

Keywords: Cold application, Musculoskeletal disorders, Oxygen-compressed cold application

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12123  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

In this article, pain due to musculoskeletal disorders is often regularly ignored by the general public; however, it is one of the most significant reasons for weight to the general public as far as incapacity around the world. The present investigation is meant to evaluate the degree of torment in musculoskeletal issue through evidence-based research. Cold and compression are routinely applied or immediately after acute injury to help in relieving pain, and it will reduce swelling and speed functional recovery. Literature review is to describe the published clinical findings regarding combined cold and compression therapy in the management of pain in musculoskeletal disorders. Cold compression therapy provides better outcomes such as pain relief compared to alternative interventions. The efficacy of oxygen-compressed cold application in pain reduction in patients with musculoskeletal disorders was also studied. These observations have resulted in technological advances directed toward combining these modalities in an effort to effectively manage and prevent musculoskeletal injury and disorders. In this review, the scientific basis for thermal-based therapeutic modalities, both alone and in conjunction with soft-tissue massage and compression, will be discussed. Additionally, the advantages of the effective device for the treatment and prevention of pain among patients with musculoskeletal disorders will be considered.

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