Introduction: An average Indian woman spends almost one-third of her life span in the postmenopausal phase enduring the consequences of hormonal decline. About 89.3% menopausal women experience at least one or more menopausal symptom(s). Soybeans and chickpeas naturally contains the phytoestrogens that are used to mitigate the menopausal problems. Hence, to ensure a quality life to these women, attention needs to be focused on menopausal problems to alleviate these problems through appropriate interventions. Natural estrogens can be very helpful during menopause to mitigate the problems. Objective: To evaluate and compare the effectiveness of soybean vs chickpeas on menopausal symptoms among women. Materials and methods: True experimental research design was adopted for the study. A total of 150 menopausal women were selected by the purposive sampling technique with randomization (50 samples in each group). Group I received soybean, group II received chickpea, and group III was the control group. Pretest and posttest were done by using the Greene Climacteric Menopausal Assessment Scale. About 50 g of boiled soybean and chickpea were given to group I and group II for 21 days, respectively. Results: The findings implicate that the menopausal women were in the age group of 49–52 years. The pretest mean standard deviation for the level of menopausal symptoms of the soybean group was 67.0 ± 4.745 and posttest was 33.4 ± 6.021. The pretest mean standard deviation for the level of menopausal symptoms of the chickpea group was 66.8 ± 4.929 and posttest was 43.2 ± 7.301. Soybean and chickpea were effective in reduction of menopausal symptoms in both group I and group II. Results show that the t value for group I was 32.4 and group II was 22.60, which was significant at p < 0.001 level. Conclusion: The study concludes that soybean was effective in reduction of menopausal symptoms among women than chickpea.
Assess, Effectiveness, Female feticide, Information booklet, Knowledge, Women
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12121 |
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Tejeshwari BV. Effectiveness of an Information Booklet on Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Female Feticide among Women in a Selected Rural Area, Bengaluru. 2019; 12 (4):87-89.
Introduction: Female feticide is the process of finding out the sex of the fetus and undergoing abortion if it is a girl. This is one of the most prevalent issues today. The preference for the male child dates back into history and obviously, therefore, female feticide has long been practiced in Indian societies. With the advancement in technology and development of easier and cheaper techniques, female feticide has spread throughout India. The government has amended the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act of 1994 that criminalized prenatal sex screening and female feticide, making it illegal in India to determine or disclose the sex of fetus to anyone. Objectives: The objectives of this study are as follows: To assess the existing level of knowledge and attitude regarding female feticide among women in a selected rural area, Bengaluru. To assess the posttest knowledge level and attitude regarding female feticide among women in a selected rural area, Bengaluru. To assess the effectiveness of information booklet on knowledge regarding female feticide among women. To find out the association between posttest knowledge scores with the selected demographic variable. Design: Quasi-experimental design (one group pretest posttest design) was used to study the effectiveness of information booklet. Fifty women of rural area, Bengaluru, were recruited by the nonprobability purposive sampling technique. Necessary administrative permission was obtained from the concerned authority. Structured interview schedule was used to elicit the baseline data, and structured questionnaires were used to elicit the knowledge regarding female feticide among women in a selected rural area, Bengaluru. Setting: The study was conducted in a selected rural area, Bengaluru, and 50 women were recruited for this study. Results: The study revealed that among 50 women, 22 (44%) women had adequate knowledge, 28 (56%) women had moderately adequate knowledge, and there was no inadequate knowledge found in the posttest score. The mean pretest knowledge score of women was 9.8, whereas the mean posttest knowledge score was 23.33. The obtained “t” value was 13.24, which was found to be statistically significant at 0.05 level. Conclusion: The study concluded that the information booklet on knowledge regarding female feticide among women in a selected rural area, Bengaluru, was found to be effective in improving the knowledge of women as evidenced by the significant change between pretest and posttest knowledge scores.
Pregnancy is a period of immense joy and excitement. High-risk pregnancy is one that is complicated by factor or factors that adversely affect the pregnancy outcome, maternal or prenatal or both. Hospitalization leads to stress and that may lead to decreased coping ability of the mother. Relaxation techniques are a powerful tool for coping with stress and promoting long-term health in mothers with high-risk pregnancy by slowing down the body and quietening the mind. To evaluate the effectiveness of Benson's relaxation therapy on stress and coping mechanism among high-risk antenatal women. Preexperimental design was used for the study. The population for the study was 30 high-risk antenatal women selected by using the nonprobability purposive sampling technique and setting was the antenatal ward. Pretest was done by using the structured questionnaire and the perceived stress scale and coping scale. Posttest was conducted after administration of Benson's relaxation therapy. The result shown that the level of stress and coping among high risk antenatal women in pretest mean value of stress was 3.27 and the posttest mean value of stress was 7.27. The obtained Wilcoxon value of stress was 4.829 and the pretest mean value of coping was 25.1 and posttest mean value of coping was 16.63 and the obtained paired t-test value of coping was 19.298. It was statistically significant at p < 0.001. Therefore, the Benson's relaxation therapy was more effective. Thus, the study concludes that Benson's relaxation therapy was found to be effective to reduce the stress and coping among high-risk antenatal women.
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can have adverse health consequences for the developing fetus and therefore is a significant public health problem. During pregnancy, there is no proven safe level of alcohol consumption. The term fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a medical diagnosis focused on a unique combination of physiological, psychological, and intellectual disorders triggered by prenatal exposure to alcohol. Fetal alcohol syndrome is an unavoidable, fatal condition which impacts each dimension of a child's life. Thus, it is a very fundamental requisite for the caregivers and healthcare personnel to recognize the symptoms of FAS earlier and ensure the optimal growth of the child.
Cyborg technology is one among the new scientific achievements takes humankind to next level. Cyborgs are machine that has inner metallic endoskeleton and outer living tissue. The history of cyborg technology dates back to 1960.1 Two NASA scientists named Nathan Kline and Manfred Clynes were the first to coin the term Cyborg.2 Their vision is to enhance mankind survival in an extraterrestrial environment. Cyborg has been divided into two types such as convenient cyborg and conditional cyborg.2 The main difference between the cyborg and robot is, a cyborg is a part of living beings but robot is a nonliving automated machine. The incorporation of cyborg technology in humans includes hearing color, the luke arm, visualizing light, hand gripping and artificial eyes. Example of such technology was first witnessed in the movie Star Wars and currently it is used as a prosthetic for humans in order to create the touch sense and to help in their normal day-to-day life.3 Scope in cyborg technological development such as computer-controlled smart limbs, nanomedicine, uploading the brain and invisibility technology.4 It has both advantages and disadvantages but hope in future this will bring a quiet revolution in technology advancement and upgrade human to next level.5
Cesarean delivery rates are increasing worldwide. The WHO recommends the cesarean rate was 17.2% in India. Pain is a distressing feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli. Pharmacological and nonpharmacological therapies are essential components of post-birth pain control. “Alternative therapy” is widely defined to denote any medical procedure or technique used in place of traditional pharmaceutical products. Massage therapy is an excellent alternative method that helps in general health, relaxation, and pain relief. A hand massage is a massage that targets specific muscles in the hand, stimulating nerve endings to various organs in the body, which feels good and even reduces pain. A hand massage has the potential to improve the health and well-being in a number of ways. This method can be used for mother who has undergone the cesarean section.
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) study is a powerful test to diagnose arrhythmias accurately and help treating them effectively. Unlike many diseases of the heart, arrhythmias are normally hidden or be dormant. They come out and strike only when conditions are favorable for them. Electrophysiology (EP) and RFA study uses advanced computed technology to bring the arrhythmia out of its dormancy and shows how to get rid of it. Radiofrequency ablation is often used in conjunction with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy in the presence of recurrent ventricular tachycardia (VT) episodes to reduce the frequency of required ICD therapies. It is something like charming a dangerous snake out of its hole and getting rid of it so that there is no chance of it doing harm at all.