Background and objectives: The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) is a flexible multipurpose evaluation tool that can be utilized in a clinical environment to test healthcare practitioners. This assesses competency through close examination focused on unbiased assessments. The research aimed at evaluating the attitude toward OSCE among undergraduate nursing students at a selected educational institution in Chennai. Materials and methods: A quantitative research approach is adopted with the use of descriptive design and a convenient sampling technique was used to select the samples. The study was conducted among 150 undergraduate nursing students studying in first, second, and third year, who had undergone OSCE examination. The attitude toward OSCE was assessed by using the self-administered structured questionnaire. Results: The study findings reveal that 85.51% of the nursing students had favorable attitude toward OSCE. Age (χ2 = 7.940 at p = 0.05 level) and the other demographic variables had no significant association with attitude toward OSCE. Conclusion: The students felt that the OSCE was well-structured and sequential, provided opportunities to learn, and reflected real-life situation.
M Annie Annal,
Effectiveness, Labor, Learning ability, ROSOL model
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12146 |
Open Access |
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Poongodi V, Annal MA, Umamaheswari R, Nivetha G. Effectiveness of Recapitulation of Stages of Labor Model for Learning Ability for BSc Nursing Students in Selected Colleges at Puducherry, India. 2020; 13 (1):4-6.
During the physiological process of labor, from the uterus the fetus, membranes, umbilical cord, and placenta are expelled out. Background: The successful practice of tracking the learning activities based on the research literature is the fundamental component of high quality education. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of the recapitulation of stages of labor (ROSOL) model on learning ability of final-year BSc nursing students. Materials and methods: The research approach was quantitative and one-group pretest—posttest preexperimental research design. A total of 90 students from BSc nursing final year, Kasturba Gandhi Nursing College, Puducherry, was selected by the purposive sampling technique. The pretest level of knowledge was assessed by a structured knowledge questionnaire and the ROSOL model was issued to the students. After 7 days, the posttest level of knowledge was assessed by using same structured knowledge questionnaires. Descriptive and inferential statistics like frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used for analyzing the data. Results: In pretest, 40 (44.4%) had inadequate knowledge, 48 (53.3%) had moderately adequate knowledge, and 2 (2.2%) had adequate knowledge. In posttest, 1 had inadequate and moderately adequate knowledge and 90 (100%) had adequate knowledge. The mean value was 9.81 and 17.68 during pre- and posttest, respectively. The median value was 10 and 18 during pre- and posttest, respectively. The obtained Wilcoxon signed-rank test value was 8.265. The improvement of knowledge was assessed using the paired t-test; it was found statistically significant at p < 0.001 level. Conclusion: The ROSOL model was effective in improving the learning ability among final-year BSc nursing students.
Background: Chest drain tube poses a greater intensity of pain in a patient, especially during its removal. It is necessary for a nurse to recognize the severity of pain and treat it accordingly with nonpharmacological treatments to prevent side effects and ease comfort. Objective: To assess the efficacy of ice pack application by differentiating the before and after assessment of severity of pain among the control and the ice pack group of patients with chest tubes. Materials and methods: The present study was conducted using experimental research design. A total of 60 patients with chest tubes were selected by systematic sampling method, assigning 30 patients to control group and ice pack group after ruling out their inclusion criteria. Data were collected using a demographic pro forma, clinical pro forma, Numerical rating pain scale, and Mc Gill Pain Questionnaire. Results: The results revealed that the scores of posttest severity pain in the control group by numerical rating scale [mean (M) = 7.06, standard deviation (SD) = 0.77] and Mc Gill Pain questionnaire (M = 2, SD = 0.51) and in the ice pack group by numerical rating scale (M = 1.8, SD = 1.11) and Mc Gill Pain questionnaire (M = 0.1, SD = 0) showed a statistically significant difference for “t” value of 35.39 (NRS) and 31.67 (Mc Gill Pain questionnaire) at p value <0.001 which may be attributed to the ice pack application. Conclusion: The ice pack application has a remarkable effect on the severity of pain during chest tube removal.
The present invention discloses a CarboTech protectable adaptive equipment to prevent head injury caused due to fall among subjects with neurodegenerative disorders and also elderly individuals and cerebral palsy children with fall risk. The equipment of the present invention comprises a collar with center front closure and on/off button housed with an airbag and a control igniter valve with inflate chamber of either compressed gas (CO2/atm gases) cartridge or mini endothermic gas reaction to produce gas instantaneously (NaN2), sensors, battery, mini microprocessor board, gas exhaust control valves, piezoelectric alert buzzer, and global system for mobile (GSM)-enabled global positioning system (GPS) tracker.
Esketamine is the newer drug in psychiatry with high efficacy. Esketamine (s-enantiomer of ketamine) was approved by the FDA on March 5, 2019, to treat treatment-resistant depression. Esketamine is delivered through nasal spray. Nasal spray is the fast-acting drug. It can be used to treat treatment-resistant depression. Each device contains 28 mg. Esketamine increases dopamine activity in the brain. It is contraindicated for patient with aneurysmal vascular disease, arteriovenous malformation, intracerebral hemorrhage, children, pregnant mothers, and lactating mothers.
Menopause is the course time when menstruation ceases in the life of a woman. It is commonly associated with troubling symptoms such as fatigue, hot flashes, joint pain, and mood swings, resulting in lower estrogen levels. Around one third of the Indian women contribute approximately one third of the life in menopause, surviving with the consequences of hormonal deprivation. Alternative methods for mitigating menopausal symptoms are lifestyle changes, use of Yoga and meditation, use of hormone therapy, and phytoestrogen-rich foods such as soybeans. Studies recommend that phytoestrogen supplementation offers a possible alternative or complement to conventional hormonal replacement therapy (HRT). Soybean exhibits the highest concentration of isoflavones. Everyday intake of 68 g of soybeans had been evidenced to have diminished menopausal symptoms.
Albin Joseph Yesuwilson
COVID-19 disease is a highly infectious disease caused by a newly (novel) identified corona virus. COVID-19 infected patients may have mild to moderate respiratory symptoms and can recover without any specific medical management. But few experience severe symptoms and lead to mortality. COVID-19 is announced by WHO as a global pandemic. It is very critical to take appropriate decisions and timely management and prevention of the infection.