Introduction: According to World Health Organization (WHO), every year about 15 million babies are born prematurely around the world and that is more than 1 in 10 of all babies born worldwide. The NICU environment may interfere with the maturation and organization of preterm infant's central nervous system. Nesting enables the new born to maintain a flexed posture and facilitates physiological parameters. The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of Nesting Technique on Posture and Physiological Parameters among preterm and low birth weight babies. Materials and methods: The study was quasi experimental one group pre- and posttest design. A total of 40 preterm and low birth weight babies were selected by purposive sampling technique. The tool comprised demographic data, observation checklist for posture, and a structured observation checklist for physiological parameters. The babies were placed in the nest for 6 hours daily for 5 days. Data analysis was done using mean, percentage, standard deviation, and ANOVA. Results: Most of the mothers [22 (55%)] were in the age group between 25 years and 30 years. With regard to the age of the baby, 11 (27.5%) were 4 days old. With regard to the weight, 37 (92.5%) of the babies had their weight between 1.5 kg and 2.0 kg. The mean score of posture and physiological parameters that is temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, and oxygen saturation revealed that the low birth weight and preterm babies experienced stable posture and physiological parameters during the period of nesting, which was highly statistically significant at the p < 0.001 level. Conclusion: The study concluded that nesting technique among preterm and low birth weight babies helps stabilize the vital parameters and posture maintenance.
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12155 |
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Chockalingam G. Effectiveness of Video-assisted Teaching on Knowledge Regarding Management and Prevention of Febrile Seizure among Mothers of Children Aged under Five Years. 2020; 13 (2):29-32.
Background: Febrile seizure is one of the cause for convulsion among children and is common in the age-groups of 1–5 years, with nearly 4% having minimum one episode of febrile convulsion. Educating mothers on the nature of the febrile seizure and home care is the most important aspect of the management. Video-assisted teaching is an awareness program for mothers of children aged under five on prevention and management of febrile seizure. Conceptual model used for the study was general system theory (Ludwig von Bertalanffy-1968). Objectives: To assess the level of knowledge on management and prevention of febrile seizure among mothers of children aged under five and evaluate the effectiveness of video-assisted teaching on management and prevention of febrile seizure and associate the level of knowledge on management and prevention of febrile seizure with selected demographic variables of mothers with children aged under five. Materials and methods: The research approach was quantitative, the research design was preexperimental, a one group pre- and posttest design was used for the study. A sample was 100 mothers with children aged under five were selected through nonprobability convenient sampling method on knowledge regarding management and prevention of febrile seizure. It was assessed by structured questionnaire, where during the pretest the mothers of children aged under five were attended the video-assisted teaching regarding management and prevention of febrile seizure. Posttest data were collected after 1 week of implementation of video-assisted teaching. Results: The study results show that video-assisted teaching on febrile seizure among mothers of children aged under five was statistically highly significant at p value <0.001 level. Conclusion: The video-assisted teaching was effective and improved the knowledge regarding management and prevention of febrile seizure among mothers of children aged under five.
J Van Vagula Devi,
V Prathiba Sivakumar
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-12159 |
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Sumathi C, Devi JV, Sivakumar VP. Assess the Level of Assertiveness among BSc Nursing Final Year Students in a Selected Nursing College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. 2020; 13 (2):33-36.
Background: Assertiveness in nursing is the important footstep in the ladder of professional progress. Assertiveness is a healthy behavior and valuable component in nursing profession, which is beneficial to nurse, client, other workers, and community in large. Being assertive will also increase the visibility in nursing. Materials and methods: The quantitative research approach, nonexperimental, descriptive research design was adopted among 30 BSc Nursing final year students at Venkateswara Nursing College using improbability convenient sampling technique for the study. The demographic data and the 3-point rating scale to assess the level of assertiveness were used to collect the data from the students. The rating scale consisted of 20 items. The collected data were organized, tabulated, analyzed, and interpreted by using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Results: The results showed that 10% of students had moderate level of assertiveness and 90% of students had adequate level of assertiveness. There was a significant association between the gender and number of siblings with the level of assertiveness at p < 0.05 level. Conclusion: It is crucial that nurses and students develop assertiveness skills so that they can provide safe and effective care for patients. As nurse works in different situations, they have to be assertive in order to meet the challenges and to win the cooperation from others.
A 77-year-old client got admitted to Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute with the signs and symptoms of swelling in the right-side lower back and pain with discharge. He has been diagnosed to have carbuncle–right lumbar disorder. Carbuncle is a rare condition that may be misdiagnosed clinically, because of the atypical nature of the disease. Hence, a clear clinical picture is necessary for the identification and correct diagnosis of the case.
Pandemics bring a significant crisis for the health care system and battle can only be swiftly won, if the army of health care workers is well prepared and efficiently utilized. Nurses are the major health care human resources, who play a key role in the management of COVID-19 as there are no definitive treatment and recovery largely depend on efficacious care. Therefore, it is essential to plan and utilize nursing manpower efficiently during the pandemics like COVID-19. There is a paucity of literature regarding the efficient utilization of nursing manpower during the COVID-19 pandemic, because of its novice phenomenon. Therefore, the authors made a sincere attempt to present a comprehensive commentary on strategies for efficient utilization of nursing manpower for safety and quality of care. Key components of efficient utilization are the creation of three-tier pool of nurses, using minimalist approach in staffing rosters, relaxing nurse staffing norms to minimal, flexible shifts, three-layer relieving rosters for sufficient time for quarantine, adequate safety through the provision of high-quality personal protective equipment (PPE), training on infection prevention and control, environmental engineering for safety enhancement, hospital-based quarantine facility, avoidance of discrimination, motivation, and counseling for the nurses.
A sparse inherited condition named Darier's disease (DAR), which was initially identified by a famous French dermatologist, Jean Darier, is caused by the defect in the mutation of the ATPA2 gene. Darier's disease is mainly represented by crusty dark patches over the skin, rarely with exudates, and it is otherwise termed as Darier's white patches, keratosis follicularis, keratotic papules, or dyskeratotic follicularis. It is an autosomal disorder, and it is tested by genetic testing registry, skin biopsy, and by means of obtaining a familial history. Around 90% of the cases are treated by oral retinoids and topical application. Remaining cases need a surgical repair. The person affected with this disease may have chances of getting mood disorders.
Capgras syndrome is a neuropsychiatric disorder, and it is also known as impostor syndrome. People who experience this syndrome will have an irrational belief that someone they know or recognize has been replaced by an impostor. The Capgras syndrome can affect anyone, but it is more common in females and rare cases in children. There is no prescribed treatment plan for people who are affected with Capgras syndrome, but there is a supportive psychotherapeutic measure to overcome this delusional disorder.