DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13133 |
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Selladurai S, Kandasamy R. Effect of Sensor, Alarm, Nonstress, Nonsensitive, Anti-rashes (SANSAR) Diaper on Pressure Ulcer Among Immobilized Patients Admitted in Critical Care Units, at Puducherry. 2022; 15 (3):51-53.
Background: In hospitalized patients on bed rest, prolonged immobility has a variety of consequences on the body's various systems and can cause a negative physiologic reaction. Pressure ulcers are a common health problem in immobile patients. Objectives: To assess the risk for developing pressure ulcer among immobilized patients admitted to critical care units, to evaluate the effectiveness of Sensor, Alarm, Nonstress, Nonsensitive, Anti-rashes (SANSAR) diaper on risk for pressure ulcer among immobilized patients, to find out the association between risk for pressure ulcer among immobilized patients and their selected demographic and clinical variables. Methodology: Randomized control trial (RCT) design was adopted for the study. The population of the present study was immobilized patients who are at risk for pressure ulcer. Sixty samples were chosen using power analysis and divided into 30 subjects in each group, demographic and clinical variables were assessed using a structured interview questionnaire and pressure risk assessment for both groups using the Braden scale. Sensor, Alarm, Nonstress, Nonsensitive, Anti-rashes diaper was applied to patients in the experimental group with routine care for one week control group received routine nursing care and posttest was done after one week using Braden Scale. Results: The study results show that posttest mean score in the experimental group was 15.10 ± 1.626 whereas in the control group was 12.50 ± 1.408. Sensor, Alarm, Nonstress, Nonsensitive, Anti-rashes diaper was most effective than the routine care at the p-value 0.001 level. Conclusion: Critically ill patients are at increased risk for acquiring pressure ulcer compared with other hospitalized patients because of the critical illness itself, the preexisting comorbid conditions. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of SANSAR diaper on pressure ulcer among immobilized patients admitted to critical care units.
DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10084-13142 |
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P S, Saravanan AA, Arul A, Vengadapathi A, Soundararajan B. Effectiveness of Video-based Scenarios on Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Emotional Intelligence Among Final Year B.Sc. (Nursing) Students in a Selected Nursing College at Puducherry. 2022; 15 (3):54-56.
Introduction: Emotional intelligence (EI) is defined as “the capacity for recognizing our own feelings and those of others, for motivating ourselves, and for managing emotions well in ourselves and in our relationships”. The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of video-based scenarios on knowledge and attitude regarding EI among final year B.Sc. (Nursing) students in a selected Nursing College at Puducherry.
Materials and methods: Quantitative research approach was adopted for the study. The pre-experimental research design was used. In total, 80 final year B.Sc. (Nursing) students participated in the study based on the inclusion criteria. The data were collected using structured questionnaire to assess the knowledge and attitude. A pre-test following by video-based scenarios that covered the different aspects of the EI such as self-awareness, self-management, motivation, empathy, and relationship management were displayed. After 7 days, post-test was done to assess the knowledge and attitude. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Result: The results revealed that the video-based scenario was effective in improving the level of knowledge and attitude, and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test was significant at p < 0.001 for all variables. In knowledge, the mean value of pre-test was 8.26, and post-test was 12.26, with a standard deviation of 1.87 and 1.73, respectively. In attitude, the mean value of pre-test was 23.12, and post-test was 35.95, with a standard deviation of 2.75 and 6.31, respectively.
Conclusion: The study suggests that training on EI is essential to establish good human relations, and also helps individuals to cope personally and professionally.
Background: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is continuing till today. In the absence of standard vaccines or medicines to stop COVID-19, one of the best possible methods to slow down the spread of the virus is to wear a face mask, along with handwashing and practicing physical distancing. Masking up is a cheap and useful way of limiting the transmission of the disease. The COVID-19 infection spreads from person to person through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks. Masks provide an effortless fence to help prevent these respiratory droplets from spreading in the air.
Aim: To assess the perceived uses and barriers of face mask wearing during COVID-19 pandemic among common public.
Research methodology: The investigator selected a quantitative approach, descriptive research design. The study was conducted at a selected area in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. The sample size of the study was 100 and non-probability convenient sampling technique was used to select the samples. Brief introduction about the self and study was given and confidentially of the response was assured and willingness to participate in the study was obtained. A tool consisted of a structured questionnaire to assess the demographic variables of the participants. A structured 5-point rating scale on benefits and barriers of face mask wearing was used.
Results: Findings depict that 91% of the participants had very high perceived benefits, 64% of the participants had high perceived barriers.
Conclusion: A face mask could be very helpful in minimizing COVID-19 transmission, especially if it is widely used and has high compliance. Although the study's participants were aware of the advantages of face mask use, they may not have been as willing to cooperate due to its inconveniences.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious disease that usually attacks the lungs and spreads to others organs also. In the twentieth century, TB was a leading cause of death in the USA. Tuberculosis mostly affects adults in their most productive years. However, all age-groups are at risk. Over 95% of cases and deaths are in developing countries. In 2020, 86% of new TB cases occurred in the 30 high TB burden countries. The following eight countries accounted for two-thirds of the new TB cases: India, China, Indonesia, Philippines, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh, and South Africa. A latent or active TB infection can also be drug resistant. In some cases, more severe drug resistance can develop. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) remains a public health crisis and a health security threat. Only about one in three people with drug-resistant TB accessed treatment in 2020. Without good support, treatment adherence is more difficult in tuberculosis.
Women have a right to demand respectful maternity care (RMC). However, it is common in many circumstances for maternity care to be disrespectful. Women's care should be based on ethical principles and respect for human rights, and the approaches that acknowledge women's preferences and needs should be encouraged. It refers to the care provided to all women which upholds their dignity, privacy, and confidentiality; assures their freedom from abuse and mistreatment; and provides them with the information they need to make an educated decision; and receive ongoing support during labor and delivery [World Health Organization (WHO)].
Lentigines, atrial myxoma, and blue nevi (LAMB) syndrome/Carney syndrome is a very rare, autosomal dominant, and hereditary syndrome. Seventy percent of individuals with LAMB syndrome have germline inactivating or deleting mutations of the LAMB SYNDROME1 gene [currently known as protein kinase cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent type I regulatory subunit α (PRKAR1A), located at the 17q22-24 chromosome level], a member of the lentiginosis family. Dermatological features include skin pigmentation and cutaneous/mucosal myxomas, usually diagnosed by the age of 20 years (neonatal presentation is exceptional, requiring a meticulous differential diagnosis). Melanocyte-derived tumors such as epithelioid blue nevi (with different levels of pigmentation) and pigmented epithelioid melanocytoma (previously “animal-type melanoma”) are often found. Myxomas, mesenchymal tumors with mostly a benign pattern, may be recurrent. Primary cutaneous melanotic schwannoma is atypical, while nonskin sites are frequent. Corticotropinomas or somatotropinomas are part of the hereditary syndrome-related pituitary adenomas (representing 5% of all). The primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease involves bilateral cortical hyperplasia causing Cushing's syndrome (CS) at an earlier age than non-LAMB syndrome cases; osteoporotic fractures seem more prevalent compared to other etiologies. Typically benign, a few cases of adrenocortical carcinoma have been identified. A total of 5% of familial nonmedullary thyroid cancer are syndromic, also including LAMB. Lentigines, atrial myxoma, and blue nevi syndrome-related thyroid frame include hyperthyroidism, follicular hyperplasia/adenomas, and follicular carcinoma (usually aggressive, bilateral, or multifocal). Large-cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumors (LCCSCTs) of the testes have malignant behavior in adults; in children, these may induce precocious puberty. Two particular mammary tumors are found: myxoid fibroadenomas and breast myxomatosis. Cutaneous/subcutaneous lesions, pigmented or not, or any focal swelling of nonidentified cause needs careful examination since dermatological elements are among the earliest and most discernible by which to detect lesions in LAMB syndrome, a systemic condition with multilevel endocrine involvement.
Lowe syndrome or Oculocerebrorenal Syndrome of Lowe (OCRL) is a rare disorder characterized by multiple features occurring mainly in males. Its prevalence is approximately 1 in 500,000. Its systemic manifestations include mental retardation, hypotonia and kidney dysfunction in the form of Fanconi syndrome. It causes physical and mental handicaps and mental problems. Children with Lowe syndrome and glaucoma often require surgery to treat their glaucoma. Lowe syndrome is a condition that primarily affects the eyes, brain, and kidneys. It is brought on by a single faulty gene on the X-chromosome, which prevents the production of enzymes. Treatment aids in surviving, but mental capacity is compromised. The severity of neurological and renal manifestations affects quality of life.